Severe traumatic brain injury: targeted management in the intensive care unit

Nino Stocchetti, Marco Carbonara, Giuseppe Citerio, Ari Ercole, Markus B. Skrifvars, Peter Smielewski, Tommaso Zoerle, David K. Menon

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) is currently managed in the intensive care unit with a combined medical–surgical approach. Treatment aims to prevent additional brain damage and to optimise conditions for brain recovery. TBI is typically considered and treated as one pathological entity, although in fact it is a syndrome comprising a range of lesions that can require different therapies and physiological goals. Owing to advances in monitoring and imaging, there is now the potential to identify specific mechanisms of brain damage and to better target treatment to individuals or subsets of patients. Targeted treatment is especially relevant for elderly people—who now represent an increasing proportion of patients with TBI—as preinjury comorbidities and their therapies demand tailored management strategies. Progress in monitoring and in understanding pathophysiological mechanisms of TBI could change current management in the intensive care unit, enabling targeted interventions that could ultimately improve outcomes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)452-464
Number of pages13
JournalThe Lancet Neurology
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Jun 1 2017

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology


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