Sevoflurane Versus Total Intravenous Anesthesia for Isolated Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery With Cardiopulmonary Bypass: A Randomized Trial

Valery V. Likhvantsev, Giovanni Landoni, Dmitry I. Levikov, Oleg A. Grebenchikov, Yuri V. Skripkin, Rostislav A. Cherpakov

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective Several studies have suggested that the cardioprotective effects of halogenated anesthetics in cardiac surgery result in reduced cardiac biomarker release compared with total intravenous anesthesia (TIVA). These findings came from relatively small randomized clinical trials and meta-analyses. The authors of this study hypothesized that the beneficial effects of volatile anesthetics translate into a reduced length of hospital stay after coronary artery bypass grafting surgery (CABG) with cardiopulmonary bypass. Design A randomized controlled trial. Setting Two university hospitals. Participants Adult patients undergoing elective CABG surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass. Interventions Patients were assigned randomly to 2 following groups: propofol-based TIVA group (n = 431) and sevoflurane group (n = 437). Measurements and Main Results The primary endpoint was hospital length of stay, and the secondary endpoint included postoperative troponin T and N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide release and mortality. In the sevoflurane group, a reduced length of hospital stay was observed compared with the propofol-based TIVA group (10 [9–11] days v 14 [10–16], p<0.001) as were reductions in cardiac troponin T release (0.18 ng/mL v 0.57 ng/mL at 24 hours, p<0.001), in N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide release (633 pg/mL v 878 pg/mL at 24 hours, p<0.001; 482 pg/mL v 1,036 pg/mL at 48 hours, p<0.001), and in mortality at 1-year follow up (17.8% v 24.8%, p = 0.03). Conclusions Anesthesia with sevoflurane reduced cardiac biomarker release and length of hospital stay after CABG with cardiopulmonary bypass surgery compared with propofol-based TIVA with a possible reduction in 1-year mortality.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1221-1227
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
Volume30
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1 2016

Keywords

  • anesthesia
  • cardiac surgery
  • inhalation anesthesia
  • intravenous anesthesia
  • mortality
  • sevoflurane
  • survival analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine

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