Sex chromosome rearrangements leading to partial aneuploidies and mosaicisms: use of QF-PCR for detection and quantification of the involved cell lines.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Chromosome rearrangements can lead to aneuploidies of specific chromosome regions and could be present in the entire individual or limited to some tissues (mosaicism) depending on the developmental stage of the embryo when the rearrangement occurs. We report 6 cases with sex chromosome rearrangements identified by conventional cytogenetics and tested by quantitative fluorescent polymerase chain reaction (QF-PCR). QF-PCR has been largely employed for rapid detection of common aneuploidies in pre-natal and post-natal diagnosis and consists in DNA amplification by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) using fluorescent labelled primers and the analysis of chromosome specific small tandem repeats (STR). We tested 5 sex chromosome specific STR markers in multiplex PCR amplifications together with other chromosome specific STR markers as control amplifications. The PCR products were analysed by capillary electrophoresis. The results from QF-PCR analysis were obtained within one day and confirmed our cytogenetic observations. This study shows that QF-PCR analysis can detect sex chromosome imbalance and also suspect mosaicism or chromosome rearrangement.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)743-746
Number of pages4
JournalInternational Journal of Molecular Medicine
Volume14
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2004

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Sex Chromosomes
Mosaicism
Aneuploidy
Cell Line
Chromosomes
Polymerase Chain Reaction
Tandem Repeat Sequences
Cytogenetics
Multiplex Polymerase Chain Reaction
Capillary Electrophoresis
DNA-Directed DNA Polymerase
Embryonic Structures

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics

Cite this

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title = "Sex chromosome rearrangements leading to partial aneuploidies and mosaicisms: use of QF-PCR for detection and quantification of the involved cell lines.",
abstract = "Chromosome rearrangements can lead to aneuploidies of specific chromosome regions and could be present in the entire individual or limited to some tissues (mosaicism) depending on the developmental stage of the embryo when the rearrangement occurs. We report 6 cases with sex chromosome rearrangements identified by conventional cytogenetics and tested by quantitative fluorescent polymerase chain reaction (QF-PCR). QF-PCR has been largely employed for rapid detection of common aneuploidies in pre-natal and post-natal diagnosis and consists in DNA amplification by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) using fluorescent labelled primers and the analysis of chromosome specific small tandem repeats (STR). We tested 5 sex chromosome specific STR markers in multiplex PCR amplifications together with other chromosome specific STR markers as control amplifications. The PCR products were analysed by capillary electrophoresis. The results from QF-PCR analysis were obtained within one day and confirmed our cytogenetic observations. This study shows that QF-PCR analysis can detect sex chromosome imbalance and also suspect mosaicism or chromosome rearrangement.",
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T1 - Sex chromosome rearrangements leading to partial aneuploidies and mosaicisms

T2 - use of QF-PCR for detection and quantification of the involved cell lines.

AU - Covone, Angela Elvira

AU - Voglino, Gianfranco

AU - Ravazzolo, Roberto

PY - 2004/10

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N2 - Chromosome rearrangements can lead to aneuploidies of specific chromosome regions and could be present in the entire individual or limited to some tissues (mosaicism) depending on the developmental stage of the embryo when the rearrangement occurs. We report 6 cases with sex chromosome rearrangements identified by conventional cytogenetics and tested by quantitative fluorescent polymerase chain reaction (QF-PCR). QF-PCR has been largely employed for rapid detection of common aneuploidies in pre-natal and post-natal diagnosis and consists in DNA amplification by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) using fluorescent labelled primers and the analysis of chromosome specific small tandem repeats (STR). We tested 5 sex chromosome specific STR markers in multiplex PCR amplifications together with other chromosome specific STR markers as control amplifications. The PCR products were analysed by capillary electrophoresis. The results from QF-PCR analysis were obtained within one day and confirmed our cytogenetic observations. This study shows that QF-PCR analysis can detect sex chromosome imbalance and also suspect mosaicism or chromosome rearrangement.

AB - Chromosome rearrangements can lead to aneuploidies of specific chromosome regions and could be present in the entire individual or limited to some tissues (mosaicism) depending on the developmental stage of the embryo when the rearrangement occurs. We report 6 cases with sex chromosome rearrangements identified by conventional cytogenetics and tested by quantitative fluorescent polymerase chain reaction (QF-PCR). QF-PCR has been largely employed for rapid detection of common aneuploidies in pre-natal and post-natal diagnosis and consists in DNA amplification by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) using fluorescent labelled primers and the analysis of chromosome specific small tandem repeats (STR). We tested 5 sex chromosome specific STR markers in multiplex PCR amplifications together with other chromosome specific STR markers as control amplifications. The PCR products were analysed by capillary electrophoresis. The results from QF-PCR analysis were obtained within one day and confirmed our cytogenetic observations. This study shows that QF-PCR analysis can detect sex chromosome imbalance and also suspect mosaicism or chromosome rearrangement.

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