Sex hormone-related functions in regenerating male rat liver

A. Francavilla, P. K. Eagon, A. DiLeo, L. Polimeno, C. Panella, A. M. Aquilino, M. Ingrosso, D. H. Van Thiel, T. E. Starzl

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Sex hormone receptors were quantitated in normal male rat liver and in regenerating liver at several different times after partial (70%) hepatectomy. Both estrogen and androgen receptor content were altered dramatically by partial hepatectomy. Total hepatic content and nuclear retention of estrogen receptors increased, with the zenith evident 2 days after partial hepatectomy, corresponding to the zenith of mitotix index. Serum estradiol increased after 1 day, and reached a maximum at 3 days after surgery. In contrast, total and nuclear androgen receptor content demonstrated a massive decline at 1, 2, and 3 days after resection. Serum testosterone displayed a parallel decline. In addition, hepatic content of two androgen-responsive proteins was reduced to 15% and 13% of normal values during this period. The activity of these various proteins during regeneration of male rat liver is comparable to that observed in the liver of normal female rats. Taken together, these results indicate that partial hepatectomy induces a feminization of certain sexually dimorphic aspects of liver function in male rats. Furthermore, these data provide evidence that estrogens, but not androgens, may have an important role in the process of liver regeneration.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1263-1270
Number of pages8
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 1986

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gastroenterology


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