Sexual dysfunction in obese women: Does obstructive sleep apnea play a role?

Francesco Fanfulla, Antonella Camera, Paola Fulgoni, Luca Chiovato, Rossella E. Nappi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Female sexual dysfunction (FSD) is diagnosed when an impairment in the sexual response cycle is associated with distress in women. The association between obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and FSD has been poorly investigated with conflicting results. Aim: To assess the role of OSA in determining FSD in pre menopausal obese women. Methods: Forty-six women underwent standard polysomnography. Data on sexual function and sexual-related distress were obtained using the Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI) and the Female Sexual Distress Scale (FSDS). Women with both abnormal FSFI and FSDS scores were classified as having FSD. Results: Thirty-one women were classified as having OSA. Fourteen (30.4%) women had both sexual difficulties and sexual distress resulting in FSD; they showed higher values of sleep time spent with SpO2 90 16.8±24.4 vs. 3.2±5.2%; p=0.004). FSD was present in 10 women with OSA (32.2%); in this group T90 was higher (23.5±26.3) in women with FSD than in those without FSD (4.8±5.8; p=0.003). In a logistic multiple regression analysis, T90 was the only factor associated with an increased risk for FSD (odds ratio [OR] 1.07) (confidence interval [CI]) 1.006-1.13]; p=0.03). Conclusions: In premenopausal obese women the presence of FSD is correlated with OSA only when nocturnal hypoxia is present.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)252-256
Number of pages5
JournalSleep Medicine
Volume14
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2013

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Obstructive Sleep Apnea
Polysomnography
Sleep
Logistic Models

Keywords

  • COPD
  • Female sexual dysfunction
  • Intermittent hypoxia
  • Obesity
  • Sleep
  • Sleep apnea

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Sexual dysfunction in obese women : Does obstructive sleep apnea play a role? / Fanfulla, Francesco; Camera, Antonella; Fulgoni, Paola; Chiovato, Luca; Nappi, Rossella E.

In: Sleep Medicine, Vol. 14, No. 3, 03.2013, p. 252-256.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "Background: Female sexual dysfunction (FSD) is diagnosed when an impairment in the sexual response cycle is associated with distress in women. The association between obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and FSD has been poorly investigated with conflicting results. Aim: To assess the role of OSA in determining FSD in pre menopausal obese women. Methods: Forty-six women underwent standard polysomnography. Data on sexual function and sexual-related distress were obtained using the Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI) and the Female Sexual Distress Scale (FSDS). Women with both abnormal FSFI and FSDS scores were classified as having FSD. Results: Thirty-one women were classified as having OSA. Fourteen (30.4{\%}) women had both sexual difficulties and sexual distress resulting in FSD; they showed higher values of sleep time spent with SpO2 90 16.8±24.4 vs. 3.2±5.2{\%}; p=0.004). FSD was present in 10 women with OSA (32.2{\%}); in this group T90 was higher (23.5±26.3) in women with FSD than in those without FSD (4.8±5.8; p=0.003). In a logistic multiple regression analysis, T90 was the only factor associated with an increased risk for FSD (odds ratio [OR] 1.07) (confidence interval [CI]) 1.006-1.13]; p=0.03). Conclusions: In premenopausal obese women the presence of FSD is correlated with OSA only when nocturnal hypoxia is present.",
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N2 - Background: Female sexual dysfunction (FSD) is diagnosed when an impairment in the sexual response cycle is associated with distress in women. The association between obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and FSD has been poorly investigated with conflicting results. Aim: To assess the role of OSA in determining FSD in pre menopausal obese women. Methods: Forty-six women underwent standard polysomnography. Data on sexual function and sexual-related distress were obtained using the Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI) and the Female Sexual Distress Scale (FSDS). Women with both abnormal FSFI and FSDS scores were classified as having FSD. Results: Thirty-one women were classified as having OSA. Fourteen (30.4%) women had both sexual difficulties and sexual distress resulting in FSD; they showed higher values of sleep time spent with SpO2 90 16.8±24.4 vs. 3.2±5.2%; p=0.004). FSD was present in 10 women with OSA (32.2%); in this group T90 was higher (23.5±26.3) in women with FSD than in those without FSD (4.8±5.8; p=0.003). In a logistic multiple regression analysis, T90 was the only factor associated with an increased risk for FSD (odds ratio [OR] 1.07) (confidence interval [CI]) 1.006-1.13]; p=0.03). Conclusions: In premenopausal obese women the presence of FSD is correlated with OSA only when nocturnal hypoxia is present.

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