Le malattie sessualmente trasmesse (MST) e l'infezione da HIV-1 negli adolescenti italiani

Translated title of the contribution: Sexually transmitted diseases and HIV-1 infection among Italian adolescents

M. Giuliani, B. Suligoi, F. Amerio, L. Andreassi, G. Angelini, M. Aricò, A. Barba, P. Battarra, E. Beconcini, B. Benvegnù, P. Biggio, F. Bontigli, T. Cainelli, P. Calandra, E. Calzolari, M. Coppini, F. Cottoni, A. D'Antuono, A. Di Carlo, P. DonofrioG. Gaddoni, G. Galbiati, M. Gatti, A. S. Graifemberghi, B. Guerra, G. Landi, M. A. Latino, N. Licci, A. Locatelli, G. Moise, A. Mossini, M. Norat, F. Perino, L. Priano, E. Provenzano, P. Puiatti, A. Rafanelli, F. Ricciuti, G. Righini, C. Sabbatini, D. Simonetto, G. Tarantini, F. Urbani, L. Vittone, G. Zucati, M. Affronti, D. Camisa, S. Geraci, M. Menegatti, E. Nunzi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: To assess the distribution of specific sexually transmitted diseases (STD), including HTV-1 infection, among Italian adolescents with an acute STD and to evaluate these individuals behavioural characteristics. Methods: The database of Italy's STD Surveillance System was used as the source of data. Data on all STD cases reported among individuals under 20 years of age were analysed. Results: From September 1990 to December 1997, 57,046 cases of STDs were reported to the surveillance system; 1,757 (3,1%) of these were reported among adolescents, of whom 896 (51,0%) were males. The most commonly reported diseases among males were genital warts (30,7%) and non-gonococcal urethritis (18,5%); among females, the most commonly reported diseases were non-gonococcal vaginitis (39,1%) and genital warts (30,0%). Of the 555 males tested forHIV-1 antibodies, 28 (5,0%) were seropositive; ofthe 510 females tèsted, 17 (3,3%) were seropositive. The highest HIV-1 seroprevalence rates were found among intravenous drug users (IDU) (33,3% among male IDUs and 23,8% among female IDUs) and among homosexual males (17,6%). Discussion and conclusions: In Italy, the impact of STDs among adolescents is not negligible, though the distribution of STDs among this population group differs from the distribution among adults. Moreover, the prevalence of HIV-1 among adolescents with STDs is similar to that among adults with STDs. This study's data suggest the need to further develop STD/HIV prevention programmes that specifically target youths.

Translated title of the contributionSexually transmitted diseases and HIV-1 infection among Italian adolescents
Original languageItalian
Pages (from-to)14-18
Number of pages5
JournalMinerva Ginecologica
Volume52
Issue number12 SUPPL. 1
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2000

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynaecology

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