Shc adaptor proteins are key transducers of mitogenic signaling mediated by the G protein-coupled thrombin receptor

Yao Hui Chen, Dominique Grall, A. Elisabetta Salcini, Pier Giuseppe Pelicci, Jacques Pouysségur, Ellen Van Obberghen-Schilling

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The serine protease thrombin activates G protein signaling systems that lead to Ras activation and, in certain cells, proliferation. Whereas the steps leading to Ras activation by G protein-coupled receptors are not well defined, the mechanisms of Ras activation by receptor tyrosine kinases have recently been elucidated biochemically and genetically. The present study was undertaken to determine whether common signaling components are used by these two distinct classes of receptors. Here we report that the adaptor protein Shc, is phosphorylated on tyrosine residues following stimulation of the thrombin receptor in growth-responsive CCL39 fibroblasts. Shc phosphorylation by thrombin or the thrombin receptor agonist peptide is maximal by 15 min and persists for ≥ 2 h. Following thrombin stimulation, phosphorylated Shc is recruited to Grb2 complexes. One or more pertussis toxin-insensitive proteins appear to mediate this effect, since (i) pertussis toxin pre-treatment of cells does not blunt the action of thrombin and (ii) Shc phosphorylation on tyrosine can be stimulated by the muscarinic m1 receptor. Shc phosphorylation does not appear to involve protein kinase C, since the addition of 4-β-phorbol-12,13-dibutyrate has no effect. Rather, thrombin-induced Shc phosphorylation is enhanced in cells depleted of phorbol ester-sensitive protein kinase C isoforms. Expression of mutant Shc proteins defective in Grb2 binding displays a dominant-negative effect on thrombin-stimulated p44 MAP kinase activation, gene induction and cell growth. From these data, we conclude that Shc represents a crucial point of convergence between signaling pathways activated by receptor tyrosine kinases and G protein-coupled receptors.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1037-1044
Number of pages8
JournalEMBO Journal
Volume15
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1 1996

Keywords

  • G protein
  • Shc adaptor protein
  • Signaling
  • Thrombin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics
  • Cell Biology

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