Shock wave lithotripsy for a renal stone in a tetraplegic patient as a trigger for life-threatening posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome

Gianluca Sampogna, Matteo Maltagliati, Bernardo Rocco, Salvatore Micali, Emanuele Montanari, Michele Spinelli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Shock wave lithotripsy (SWL) is considered a non-invasive treatment for urinary stones and usually advocated for frail patients with spinal cord injury (SCI). We report a life-threatening complication, called posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES), in a tetraplegic person who underwent SWL for a small renal stone. Based on our experience, we recommend performing SWL with caution in SCI patients and in tertiary referral hospitals that can promptly manage similar severe complications.

Original languageEnglish
Article number101204
JournalUrology Case Reports
Volume31
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2020

Keywords

  • Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome
  • Shock wave lithotripsy
  • Spinal cord injury
  • Urolithiasis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Urology

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