Short- and long-term effects of perinatal asphyxia on monoamine, amino acid and glycolysis product levels measured in the basal ganglia of the rat

Yong Chen, Ephrem Engidawork, Fabian Loidl, Elisabetta Dell'Anna, Michel Goiny, Gert Lubec, Kurt Andersson, Mario Herrera-Marschitz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The effects of perinatal asphyxia on levels of dopamine (DA) and its metabolites, amino acids and glycolysis products, measured in tissue samples from substantia nigra (SN), stratum, ventral tegmental area (VTA), and nucleus accumbens (Acb), were studied 80 min to 8 days after birth with high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). Furthermore, extracellular levels of DA, amino acids and glycolysis products were measured with in vivo microdialysis in the strictum 40-140 min and 4 weeks after birth. Asphyxia was induced by immersing foetus-containing uterus horns, removed from ready- to-deliver Sprague-Dawley rats, in a water bath at 37°C for various time periods (0-22 min). Spontaneous- and caesarean-delivered pups were used as controls. Perinatal asphyxia led to a decrease in the rate of survival, depending upon the length of the insult. In parallel, lactate (LACT) levels were increased with the length of the insult in all examined brain regions, monitored ex vivo or in vivo immediately after birth. DA, glutamate (GLU) and aspartate (ASP) levels were also increased, mainly in tissue samples taken from the mesencephalon. Only minor changes were observed in tissue samples taken from the telencephalon. However, in experiments with in vivo microdialysis, DA and GLU levels were increased following 20-21 and 21-22 min of perinatal asphyxia, but the effect of K+ depolarisation on extracellular DA and ASP levels was strongly diminished. DA and metabolites increased with development in SN and striatum, with no clear differences between control and asphyctic rats. However, 8 days after birth, it was found that DA levels were increased, alternatively decreased in mesencephalic and telencephalic regions following 20-21 and 21-22 min of perinatal asphyxia, periods associated with 60% and 90% of perinatal mortality, respectively. Furthermore, in microdialysis experiments performed 4 weeks after birth, extracellular DA and its metabolites levels were also increased, alternatively decreased in rats exposed to a 20-21 and 21-22 min perinatal asphyctic insult. In this last group, GLU and ASP levels were also decreased. Furthermore, the effect of K+ depolarisation on DA and ASP levels was strongly decreased in both asphyctic groups. Thus, perinatal asphyxia produces short- and long-term consequences in general metabolism, and induces region-specific changes in several neurotransmitter systems, mainly affecting meso-telencephalic DA systems.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)19-30
Number of pages12
JournalDevelopmental Brain Research
Volume104
Issue number1-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 19 1997

Keywords

  • Aspartate
  • Dopamine
  • Glutamate
  • Neostriatum
  • Nucleus accumbens
  • Perinatal asphyxia
  • Rat
  • Substantia nigra
  • Ventral tegmental area

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental Biology
  • Developmental Neuroscience

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