Short and long term evaluation of two structured self management programmes on asthma

M. Neri, A. Spanevello, M. Ambrosetti, P. Ferronato, C. Cagna, P. Zanon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

In recent years education programmes for adults have been developed focusing on improving patient self-management. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of two different educational programmes on asthma at one year (short term efficacy) and three years (long term efficacy). Changes in pulmonary function (FEV1), knowledge of disease and skill concerning inhalation technique were evaluated to determine the efficacy of the educational programme. Forty patients were randomly assigned to the two different educational programmes. Twenty subjects (mean age 49±11 yrs; FEV1 79%±15 of predicted) were assigned to a basic educational programme, while the others (mean age 44±11 yrs; FEV1 79%±14 of predicted) were assigned to an "asthma school" programme. In both "basic" and "asthma school" groups there was a significant increase from baseline to one year (p<0.05) and three years (p1, number of correct answers to the knowledge questionnaire, and number of correct steps during the inhalation procedure. No significant differences were found between the two groups at baseline, one year and three years for all three variables studied. This study confirms that both educational programmes determine in asthmatics an improvement in lung function, knowledge of disease and skill for inhalation technique at one year and three years following commencement of the programme. A "basic" educational programme is as effective as an "asthma school" one.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)208-210
Number of pages3
JournalMonaldi Archives for Chest Disease - Cardiac Series
Volume56
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2001

Keywords

  • Asthma
  • Education programmes
  • Self management

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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