Short article: Mortality and differential diagnoses of villous atrophy without coeliac antibodies

Annalisa Schiepatti, Federico Biagi, Giacomo Fraternale, Claudia Vattiato, Davide Balduzzi, Simona Agazzi, Claudia Alpini, Catherine Klersy, Gino R. Corazza

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective: Villous atrophy (VA) of the small bowel is mainly related to coeliac disease (CD), whose diagnosis is made on the basis of positive endomysial/tissue transglutaminase antibodies while on a gluten-containing diet in the vast majority of patients. However, VA can also occur in other conditions whose epidemiology is little known. Our aim was to study the epidemiology and clinical features of these rare enteropathies. Patients and methods: Clinical and laboratory data of all the patients with VA directly diagnosed in our centre in the last 15 years were collected and statistically analysed. Results: Between September 1999 and June 2015, 274 patients were diagnosed with VA. A total of 260 patients were also positive to coeliac antibodies; the other 14 had VA, but no IgA endomysial antibodies: five had common variable immunodeficiency, three had dermatitis herpetiformis, two had IgA deficiency associated with CD, one had abdominal lymphoma, one had unclassified sprue, one had olmesartan-associated enteropathy and one had seronegative CD. Mortality was 6.0 deaths per 100 person years (95% confidence interval: 2.2-16) in patients with VA but negative coeliac antibodies, whereas only 0.2 deaths per 100 person years (95% confidence interval: 0.1-0.6) occurred in coeliac patients. Conclusion: Patients with VA and negative endomysial antibodies are rare. However, these forms of VA identify specific causes that can be diagnosed. These patients are affected by a very high mortality.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)572-576
Number of pages5
JournalEuropean Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
Volume29
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2017

Keywords

  • coeliac disease
  • endomysial antibodies
  • enteropathy
  • tissue transglutaminase
  • villous atrophy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hepatology
  • Gastroenterology

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