Short sleep duration and cardiometabolic risk: from pathophysiology to clinical evidence

Eleonora Tobaldini, Elisa M Fiorelli, Monica Solbiati, Giorgio Costantino, Lino Nobili, Nicola Montano

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

Short sleep duration has a substantial influence on the overall health of an individual. Short sleep time can be a consequence of lifestyle habits, environmental factors, or the presence of a sleep disorder, such as insomnia or sleep-disordered breathing. Short sleep time is associated with increased morbidity and mortality, mainly from cardiovascular disorders (including coronary artery disease, arrhythmias, and hypertension). Several biological mechanisms have been proposed as a possible link between short sleep duration and these diseases, such as involvement of the autonomic nervous system, endothelial function, metabolic regulation, inflammation, and the coagulation system. In this Review, we provide an overview on the effects of short sleep duration on cardiovascular health and diseases and discuss the main pathophysiological mechanisms involved, taking into account both experimental data and clinical evidence.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)213-224
Number of pages12
JournalNature Reviews Cardiology
Volume16
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2019

Keywords

  • Animals
  • Cardiovascular Diseases/diagnosis
  • Cardiovascular System/physiopathology
  • Humans
  • Prognosis
  • Risk Assessment
  • Risk Factors
  • Sleep
  • Sleep Wake Disorders/complications
  • Time Factors

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