Short-term administration of prulifloxacin in patients with nonmuscle-invasive bladder cancer: An effective option for the prevention of bacillus Calmette-Guérin-induced toxicity?

Rocco Damiano, Marco De Sio, Giuseppe Quarto, Giuseppe Di Lorenzo, Sisto Perdonà, Italo M. Palumbo, Giuseppina Azzarito, Francesco Giugliano, Riccardo Autorino

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective To determine whether the new fluoroquinolone prulifloxacin might improve tolerance to Bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) intravesical therapy in patients with bladder cancer. PATIENTS AND Methods A series of 72 patients with intermediate- or high-risk nonmuscle-invasive bladder cancer were enrolled in this prospective, randomized, open-label, controlled clinical trial performed at a single tertiary care institution. After complete transurethral resection, patients were randomized to receive induction treatment with BCG and three capsules of prulifloxacin 600 mg or no prophylactic treatment (control group). Adverse events (AEs) were self-recorded by the patients after each instillation and classified by the investigator according to a classification grid considering account duration and intensity. Cystoscopy findings at 3 and 6 months were also recorded. Results There was no significant difference in baseline symptoms between the groups. Overall, there was a significant decrease in the percentage of patients with at least one AE between instillations in prulifloxacin-treated group. The proportion of patients with moderate to severe AEs after the fourth instillation was significantly less in the prulifloxacin-treated group. There was a significant effect of prulifloxacin on the need for anti-tuberculosis treatment. More patients in the control group stopped or delayed the full induction course of BCG instillations (34% vs 19%, P = 0.04). Recurrence rates were not affected by prulifloxacin treatment. Conclusion Prulifloxacin reduces the incidence of moderate to severe AEs from BCG intravesical therapy in patients with nonmuscle-invasive bladder cancer, improving compliance to the induction BCG course. These preliminary findings warrant further clinical research.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)633-639
Number of pages7
JournalBJU International
Volume104
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2009

Keywords

  • Bacillus Calmette-Guérin
  • Bladder cancer
  • Intravesical therapy
  • Prulifloxacin
  • Side-effects

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Urology

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