The authors aimed to assess the reproducibility of normotension and white-coat, masked, and sustained hypertension in 839 untreated patients who underwent two separate assessments (median, 3; interquartile range, 0–13 months) by both office and ambulatory blood pressure (BP) monitoring (ABPM). The proportion of patients falling into the same category in the two assessments was: 52% normotension and 55% white-coat, 47% masked, and 82% sustained hypertension. The most frequent switch was to sustained hypertension (26% of white-coat and 33% of masked hypertension). No clinical factors predicted the change in category, except for higher office diastolic BP in patients with masked hypertension who developed sustained hypertension, compared with those who remained with masked hypertension (84±4 mm Hg vs 80±5 mm Hg; P=.006). The reproducibility of hypertension phenotypes was highly dependent on the time between assessments. The authors conclude that white-coat and masked hypertension phenotypes are only reproducible in the short-term, while they frequently shift towards sustained hypertension in the long-term.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Internal Medicine
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine