Short-term evolution of individual enhancing MS studied with magnetization transfer imaging

Massimo Filippi, Maria A. Rocca, Maria P. Sormani, Clodoaldo Pereira, Giancarlo Comi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

We performed serial monthly magnetization transfer (MT) imaging to evaluate the prevalence and evolution of structural changes in individual enhancing lesions from patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). Every 4 weeks for 3 months, we obtained dual echo, magnetization transfer (MT) imaging and, 5 min after SD (0.1 mmol/kg) gadolinium-DTPA injection, T1-weighted scans from 10 patients with early relapsing-remitting MS. We measured the MT ratio (MTR) of enhancing lesions seen on the entry scans on co-registered quantitative MTR images at entry and during the follow up. Fourty-two enhancing lesions were identified on the entry scans. According to the 'maximal random fluctuation' detected for the normal-appearing white matter MTR values, 16 (38%) lesions were classified as 'increasing MTR' lesions, 21 (50%) as 'stable MTR' lesions, and 5 (12%) as 'decreasing MTR' lesions. The classification of the lesions after the first month of follow up strongly predicted the classification at the end of the follow up (chi squared = 20.35, p = 0.0004). These results indicate that the enhancing lesion population in MS is heterogeneous, and that reparative mechanisms occurring after blood-brain barrier opening are not efficient in only a minority of the enhancing lesions from patients with early relapsing-remitting MS.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)979-984
Number of pages6
JournalMagnetic Resonance Imaging
Volume17
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 1999

Keywords

  • Gadolinium-DTPA
  • Magnetization transfer ratio
  • Multiple sclerosis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Structural Biology
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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