Shotgun proteomics coupled to nanoparticle-based biomarker enrichment reveals a novel panel of extracellular matrix proteins as candidate serum protein biomarkers for early-stage breast cancer detection

Claudia Fredolini, Khyatiben V. Pathak, Luisa Paris, Kristina M. Chapple, Kristine A. Tsantilas, Matthew Rosenow, Tony J. Tegeler, Krystine Garcia-Mansfield, Davide Tamburro, Weidong Zhou, Paul Russo, Samuele Massarut, Francesco Facchiano, Claudio Belluco, Ruggero De Maria, Enrico Garaci, Lance Liotta, Emanuel F. Petricoin, Patrick Pirrotte

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: The lack of specificity and high degree of false positive and false negative rates when using mammographic screening for detecting early-stage breast cancer is a critical issue. Blood-based molecular assays that could be used in adjunct with mammography for increased specificity and sensitivity could have profound clinical impact. Our objective was to discover and independently verify a panel of candidate blood-based biomarkers that could identify the earliest stages of breast cancer and complement current mammographic screening approaches. Methods: We used affinity hydrogel nanoparticles coupled with LC-MS/MS analysis to enrich and analyze low-abundance proteins in serum samples from 20 patients with invasive ductal carcinoma (IDC) breast cancer and 20 female control individuals with positive mammograms and benign pathology at biopsy. We compared these results to those obtained from five cohorts of individuals diagnosed with cancer in organs other than breast (ovarian, lung, prostate, and colon cancer, as well as melanoma) to establish IDC-specific protein signatures. Twenty-four IDC candidate biomarkers were then verified by multiple reaction monitoring (LC-MRM) in an independent validation cohort of 60 serum samples specifically including earliest-stage breast cancer and benign controls (19 early-stage (T1a) IDC and 41 controls). Results: In our discovery set, 56 proteins were increased in the serum samples from IDC patients, and 32 of these proteins were specific to IDC. Verification of a subset of these proteins in an independent cohort of early-stage T1a breast cancer yielded a panel of 4 proteins, ITGA2B (integrin subunit alpha IIb), FLNA (Filamin A), RAP1A (Ras-associated protein-1A), and TLN-1 (Talin-1), which classified breast cancer patients with 100% sensitivity and 85% specificity (AUC of 0.93). Conclusions: Using a nanoparticle-based protein enrichment technology, we identified and verified a highly specific and sensitive protein signature indicative of early-stage breast cancer with no false positives when assessing benign and inflammatory controls. These markers have been previously reported in cell-ECM interaction and tumor microenvironment biology. Further studies with larger cohorts are needed to evaluate whether this biomarker panel improves the positive predictive value of mammography for breast cancer detection.

Original languageEnglish
Article number135
Number of pages16
JournalBreast Cancer Research
Volume22
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2020

Keywords

  • Invasive ductal carcinoma
  • Mammography
  • Multiple reaction monitoring
  • Nanoparticles
  • Protein enrichment
  • Serum

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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