Should we perform heart retransplantation in early graft failure?

Nicola Vistarini, Carlo Pellegrini, Marco Aiello, Alessia Alloni, Cristian Monterosso, Barbara Cattadori, Carmine Tinelli, Andrea M. D'Armini, Mario Vigano

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Cardiac retransplantation represents the gold standard treatment for a failing cardiac graft but the decision to offer the patient a second chance is often made difficult by both lack of donors and the ethical issues involved. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether retransplantation is a reasonable option in case of early graft failure. Between November 1985 and June 2008, 922 patients underwent cardiac transplantation at our Institution. Of these, 37 patients (4%) underwent cardiac retransplantation for cardiac failure resulting from early graft failure (n = 11) or late graft failure (acute rejection: n = 2, transplant-related coronary artery disease: n = 24). Survival at 1, 5 and 10 years of patients with retransplantation was 59%, 50% and 40% respectively. An interval between the first and the second transplantation of less than (n = 11, all in early graft failure) or more than (n = 26) 1 month was associated with a 1-year survival of 27% and 73%, and a 5-year survival of 27% and 65% respectively (P = 0.01). The long-term outcome of cardiac retransplantation is comparable with that of primary transplantation only in patients with transplant-related coronary artery disease. Early graft failure is a significant risk factor for survival after cardiac retransplantation and should be considered as an exclusion criteria.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)47-53
Number of pages7
JournalTransplant International
Volume23
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2010

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Transplants
Survival
Coronary Artery Disease
Transplantation
Heart Transplantation
Ethics
Heart Failure
Tissue Donors

Keywords

  • Ethics
  • Heart clinical
  • Outcome
  • Rejection

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Transplantation

Cite this

Should we perform heart retransplantation in early graft failure? / Vistarini, Nicola; Pellegrini, Carlo; Aiello, Marco; Alloni, Alessia; Monterosso, Cristian; Cattadori, Barbara; Tinelli, Carmine; D'Armini, Andrea M.; Vigano, Mario.

In: Transplant International, Vol. 23, No. 1, 01.2010, p. 47-53.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Vistarini, Nicola ; Pellegrini, Carlo ; Aiello, Marco ; Alloni, Alessia ; Monterosso, Cristian ; Cattadori, Barbara ; Tinelli, Carmine ; D'Armini, Andrea M. ; Vigano, Mario. / Should we perform heart retransplantation in early graft failure?. In: Transplant International. 2010 ; Vol. 23, No. 1. pp. 47-53.
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