Shuttle swim test for water polo players: Validity and reliability

G. Melchiorri, V. Manzi, E. Padua, F. Sardella, M. Bonifazi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Aim. The purpose of this study, carried out on elite water polo players, was to examine: 1) the relationship between the shuttle swim test (SST) and the performance during official water polo games, and 2) the SST reliability. Methods. Sixteen male players of the Italian National Water Polo Team (age: 27.9±2.1 years, body mass: 88.5±10.3 kg, height: 186.6±6.9 cm) performed the SST, consisting of two sets of seven repetitions from 40 to 10 m (total of 120 m for each set) at a maximal intensity with 90 s of rest between sets. During the SST, average swimming speed, blood lactate concentration and heart rate were recorded. Direct validity of the SST was evaluated by comparing the average swimming speed with the total distance covered (TD) and the distance covered at high intensity swimming (above 1.8 m.s-1, HIS) during three official water polo games. SST reliability was assessed by testing the same athletes one week apart. Results. Average swimming speed during the SST was significantly correlated with TD (r=0.67, P

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)327-330
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2009


  • Exercise test
  • Lactic acid
  • Swimming

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation


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