Significance of clustered tumor suppressor genes in cancer

Silvia Maria Sirchia, Monica Miozzo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Evaluation of: Xue W, Kitzing T, Roessler S et al. A cluster of cooperating tumor-suppressor gene candidates in chromosomal deletions. Proc. Natl Acad. Sci. USA 109, 8212-8217 (2012). The two-hit model is a well-known mechanism for the inactivation of tumor suppressor genes in cancer and it has been assumed that chromosomal deletions are the second inactivating event. Large deletions are frequently found in cancer and can lead to the haploinsufficiency of the loci mapped to the deleted region. The study by Xue et al. demonstrated that hemizygous 8p deletions can attenuate the activity of multiple genes that control growth and promote tumorigenesis, and showed that the effect of large 8p deletions on tumor phenotype goes beyond the effects of the individual genes as the characteristics of a tumor are also influenced by the additive and/or combined effect of the haploinsufficiency of multiple genes. These convincing findings, demonstrating that the hemizygosity of a cluster of genes negatively regulates proliferation and promotes tumor growth, have opened up new study perspectives aimed at characterizing the genomic organization of this new class of tumor suppressor genes and their role in tumorigenesis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1091-1093
Number of pages3
JournalFuture Oncology
Volume8
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2012

Keywords

  • cancer
  • chromosomal deletions
  • haploinsufficiency
  • hepatocellular carcinoma
  • loss-of-function
  • poor prognosis
  • tumor suppressor genes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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