S-100 protein is a heterogeneous fraction of dimeric polypeptides (alpha and beta subunits) that can exist in different combination forms within the various tissues. Concerning the S-100 protein immunodetection within lymphoid tissue, the heterogeneity of the S-100 antigen, the tissue quality (frozen or paraffin-embedded after treatment with different fixatives) and the treatment of the tissue with different immunostaining methods and antibodies of different nature, all make for inconsistent results obtained in the immunohistological studies reported in the literature. Most of the S-100-positive cells of the lymphoreticular system are dendritic cells involved in the immune response (interdigitating reticulum cells, Langerhans cells, and follicular dendritic reticulum cells), other S-100-positive cells belonging to the mononuclear/phagocytic system. S-100 protein immunostaining may be used as a helpful immunohistological diagnostic clue to certain malignancies of the immune system (follicular center cell lymphomas) on the basis of their specifically related dendritic cell microenvironment. In addition to monoclonal antibodies for the immunophenotypic characterization of dendritic cells and macrophages and to enzyme reactions, the combined use of anti-S-100 antibodies specific for each of the S-100 protein subunits, tested with sensitive procedures, would be a very useful tool in the attempt to classify the proliferative disorders of dendritic cells and macrophages.
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||International Journal of Biological Markers|
|Publication status||Published - May 1986|
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