Mutant α-adducin and endogenous ouabain levels exert a causal role in hypertension by affecting renal Na-K ATPase. In addition, mutant β-adducin is involved in glomerular damage through nephrin down-regulation. Recently, the salt-inducible kinase 1 (SIK1) has been shown to exert a permissive role on mutant α-adducin effects on renal Na-K ATPase activity involved in blood pressure (BP) regulation and a SIK1 rs3746951 polymorphism has been associated with changes in vascular Na-K ATPase activity and BP. Here, we addressed the role of SIK1 on nephrin and glomerular functional modifications induced by mutant β-adducin and ouabain, byusingcongenic substrains of the Milan rats expressing eithermutanta-orb-adducin, alone or in combination, ouabain hypertensive rats (OHR) and hypertensive patients. SIK1 co-localized and co-immunoprecipitated with nephrin from glomerular podocytes and associated with caveolar nephrin signaling. In cultured podocytes, nephrin-gene silencing decreased SIK1 expression. In mutant β-adducin congenic rats and in OHR, the podocyte damage was associated with decreased nephrin and SIK1 expression. Conversely, when the effects of β-adducin on podocytes were blocked by the presence of mutant α-adducin, nephrin and SIK1 expressions were restored. Ouabain effects were also reproduced in cultured podocytes. In hypertensive patients, nephrinuria, but not albuminuria, was higher in carriers of mutant SIK1 rs3746951 than in wild-type, implying a more direct effect of SIK1 on glomerular damage. These results demonstrate that, through nephrin, SIK1 is involved in the glomerular effects of mutant adducin and ouabain and a direct effect of SIK1 is also likely to occur in humans.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology