Introduction: Silodosin is a new uroselective alpha-blocker with high pharmacological selectivity for the 1A adrenoceptor. It is an effective and well-tolerated treatment in men with lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS), due to presumed bladder outlet obstruction secondary to benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). The efficacy of silodosin is at least equivalent to existing selective alpha-1 antagonists such as tamsulosin. A beneficial consequence of its high selectivity is improved cardiovascular safety and failure to interact with other therapies such as anti-hypertensives and phosphodiesterase type-5 inhibitors. Areas covered: This paper discusses the mechanism of action, uroselectivity and clinical efficacy/tolerability of Silodosin. Additionally, drug interactions and urodynamic effects are reviewed with a focus on ejaculatory dysfunction. Expert opinion: Silodosin is a rapidly efficacious and safe agent in the treatment of LUTS/BPH in men. A lack of clinically important cardiovascular side effects makes it of potential use in the elderly. There is a higher risk of ejaculatory dysfunction, which may lead to discontinuation in younger men. The availability of generic counterparts may make this compound less marketable in countries with social healthcare systems.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pharmacology (medical)