OBJECTIVES: We aimed to investigate national allocation policies for pediatric liver transplantation.
METHOD: A survey was prepared by the ESPGHAN hepatology committee in collaboration with the North-American SPLIT (Studies of Pediatric Liver Transplantation) consortium. The survey was sent to pediatric hepatologists and transplant surgeons worldwide. National data were obtained from centrally based registries.
RESULTS: Replies were obtained from 15 countries from five of the world continents. Overall donation rate varied between 9 and 35 per million inhabitants. The number of pediatric liver transplantations was 4-9 per million inhabitants below 18 years of age for 13 of the 15 respondents. In children below 2 years of age mortality on the waiting list varied between 0 and 20%. In the same age group, there were large differences in the ratio of living donor liver transplantation to deceased donor liver transplantation as well as in the ratio of split liver segments to whole liver. These differences were associated with possible discrepancies in waiting list mortality.
CONCLUSION: Similarities but also differences between countries were detected. The described data may be of importance when trying to reduce waiting list mortality in the youngest children.
|Journal||Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition|
|Publication status||E-pub ahead of print - Jan 21 2019|