Simple and validated UHPLC-MS/MS analysis of nimodipine in plasma and cerebrospinal fluid of patients with subarachnoid haemorrhage

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Abstract

We present a simple, fast and validated method for the determination of nimodipine in plasma and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of patients with subarachnoid haemorrhage using ultra high performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (UHPLC-MS/MS). Plasma or CSF 250 μL aliquots were pretreated with acetonitrile spiked with lacosamide as internal standard. The chromatographic separation was performed on a Fusion (3 μm) 50 × 2.0 mm I.D. column with gradient elution of 0.1% (v/v) formic acid in water and 0.1% (v/v) formic acid in acetonitrile at a flow rate of 0.35 mL/min. The MS/MS ion transitions were 419.1 → 343 for nimodipine and 251.1 → 91 for the internal standard. The linearity was determined from 2.0 to 40.0 ng/mL in plasma and 40.0-800.0 pg/mL in CSF. The lower limit of quantitation (LLOQ) of nimodipine was 0.4 ng/mL in plasma and 40 pg/mL in CSF. The mean recovery for nimodipine was ≥75% in plasma and ≥90% in CSF at all three considered concentrations. Intra- and interassay precision and accuracy were ≤15% at all quality control concentrations in plasma and CSF. The method was applied to measure plasma and CSF concentrations of nimodipine in a series of patients with subarachnoid haemorrhage treated with intravenous nimodipine. The present procedure, omitting time-consuming liquid-liquid extraction and drying steps, is faster, simpler and cheaper than published LC-MS/MS analytical methods for nimodipine in plasma and the first validated one for nimodipine in CSF.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)94-99
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Chromatography B: Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
Volume1028
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 15 2016

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Keywords

  • CSF concentration
  • Nimodipine
  • Plasma concentration
  • Subarachnoid haemorrhage
  • Ultra high performance liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Cell Biology
  • Clinical Biochemistry

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