Simple clinical score and laboratory-based method to predict bacterial etiology of acute diarrhea in childhood

Massimo Fontana, Giovanna Zuin, Susanna Paccagnini, Rossana Ceriani, Santina Quaranta, Mauro Villa, Nicola Principi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

We describe a two-step predictive method to assess the probability of bacterial etiology in cases of diarrhea. The patients are divided into three probability groups (high, intermediate, low) according to a clinical score. Thereafter the patients in the intermediate group are further assigned to the high or low probability group according to the presence or absence of fecal leukocytes. We developed the method in an initial series of 157 children with acute diarrhea; the reproducibility of the method was tested in a second series of 180 cases. Eightysix percent of patients in the first series and 81% in the second were correctly classified by our method. We suggest its use, especially in pediatric practice, to identify children with the highest probability of bacterial diarrhea, thus reserving stool culture to a few selected cases because only a minority of children with diarrhea have a recognized bacterial etiology.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1088-1091
Number of pages4
JournalPediatric Infectious Disease Journal
Volume6
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 1987

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Infectious Diseases
  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Simple clinical score and laboratory-based method to predict bacterial etiology of acute diarrhea in childhood'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this

    Fontana, M., Zuin, G., Paccagnini, S., Ceriani, R., Quaranta, S., Villa, M., & Principi, N. (1987). Simple clinical score and laboratory-based method to predict bacterial etiology of acute diarrhea in childhood. Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal, 6(12), 1088-1091.