Simplified method for microlitre deuterium measurements in water and urine by gas chromatography-high-temperature conversion-isotope ratio mass spectrometry

Antonina Gucciardi, Paola E. Cogo, Umberto Traldi, Simon Eaton, Tegan Darch, Manuela Simonato, Carlo Ori, Virgilio P. Carnielli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Deuterium (2H) in water and urine can be measured by off-line and, more recently, on-line techniques using isotope ratio mass spectrometry (IRMS). We describe a new simple on-line pyrolysis method for the analysis of 2H/1H in water and urine samples by continuous flow IRMS, normally used for 2H/1H measurements in organic compounds. A deactivated column connected the split injector to a high-temperature conversion reactor (TC HD), and 0.5 μL of sample was injected. Accuracy and precision were determined with Vienna Standard Mean Ocean Water (VSMOW), Standard Light Antarctic Precipitation (SLAP), and Greenland Ice Sheet Precipitation (GISP). The range of linearity was measured with a calibration curve of enriched water from 0 up to 0.1 atom percent excess (APE) (i.e. -72 up to 6323 delta per mil (δD ‰)) with a precision of VSMOW with a precision of ±5‰. Urine enrichments described by our method were strongly correlated with values obtained by Gas Bench and TC/EA (p <0.0001). There was a significant memory effect that was reduced by injecting the sample 15 times and discarding the first 10 injections, together with accurate furnace conditioning and appropriate cleaning of the syringe. Data indicate that the method is accurate, and that it can be used for water and urine deuterium determination when a Gas Bench or TC/EA instrument is not available and the amount of sample is limited.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2097-2103
Number of pages7
JournalRapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry
Issue number13
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2008


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Spectroscopy

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