Simulating the 21 cm forest detectable with LOFAR and SKA in the spectra of high-z GRBs

B. Ciardi, S. Inoue, F. B. Abdalla, K. Asad, G. Bernardi, J. S. Bolton, M. Brentjens, A. G. De Bruyn, E. Chapman, S. Daiboo, E. R. Fernandez, A. Ghosh, L. Graziani, G. J A Harker, I. T. Iliev, V. Jelić, H. Jensen, S. Kazemi, L. V E Koopmans, O. MartinezA. Maselli, G. Mellema, A. R. Offringa, V. N. Pandey, J. Schaye, R. Thomas, H. Vedantham, S. Yatawatta, S. Zaroubi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We investigate the feasibility of detecting 21 cm absorption features in the afterglow spectra of high redshift long Gamma Ray Bursts (GRBs). This is done employing simulations of cosmic reionization, together with estimates of the GRB radio afterglow flux and the instrumental characteristics of the LOw Frequency ARray (LOFAR).We find that absorption features could be marginally (with a S/N larger than a few) detected by LOFAR at z ≳ 7 if the GRB is a highly energetic event originating from Pop III stars, while the detection would be easier if the noise were reduced by one order of magnitude, i.e. similar to what is expected for the first phase of the Square Kilometre Array (SKA1-low). On the other hand, more standard GRBs are too dim to be detected even with ten times the sensitivity of SKA1-low, and only in the most optimistic case can a S/N larger than a few be reached at z ≳ 9.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)101-105
Number of pages5
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Volume453
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 24 2015

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gamma ray bursts
afterglows
energetics
radio
stars
simulation
sensitivity
estimates

Keywords

  • Dark ages, reionization, first stars
  • Gamma-ray burst: general
  • Radio lines: general

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Space and Planetary Science
  • Astronomy and Astrophysics

Cite this

Ciardi, B., Inoue, S., Abdalla, F. B., Asad, K., Bernardi, G., Bolton, J. S., ... Zaroubi, S. (2015). Simulating the 21 cm forest detectable with LOFAR and SKA in the spectra of high-z GRBs. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 453(1), 101-105. https://doi.org/10.1093/mnras/stv1640

Simulating the 21 cm forest detectable with LOFAR and SKA in the spectra of high-z GRBs. / Ciardi, B.; Inoue, S.; Abdalla, F. B.; Asad, K.; Bernardi, G.; Bolton, J. S.; Brentjens, M.; De Bruyn, A. G.; Chapman, E.; Daiboo, S.; Fernandez, E. R.; Ghosh, A.; Graziani, L.; Harker, G. J A; Iliev, I. T.; Jelić, V.; Jensen, H.; Kazemi, S.; Koopmans, L. V E; Martinez, O.; Maselli, A.; Mellema, G.; Offringa, A. R.; Pandey, V. N.; Schaye, J.; Thomas, R.; Vedantham, H.; Yatawatta, S.; Zaroubi, S.

In: Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 453, No. 1, 24.07.2015, p. 101-105.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Ciardi, B, Inoue, S, Abdalla, FB, Asad, K, Bernardi, G, Bolton, JS, Brentjens, M, De Bruyn, AG, Chapman, E, Daiboo, S, Fernandez, ER, Ghosh, A, Graziani, L, Harker, GJA, Iliev, IT, Jelić, V, Jensen, H, Kazemi, S, Koopmans, LVE, Martinez, O, Maselli, A, Mellema, G, Offringa, AR, Pandey, VN, Schaye, J, Thomas, R, Vedantham, H, Yatawatta, S & Zaroubi, S 2015, 'Simulating the 21 cm forest detectable with LOFAR and SKA in the spectra of high-z GRBs', Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, vol. 453, no. 1, pp. 101-105. https://doi.org/10.1093/mnras/stv1640
Ciardi, B. ; Inoue, S. ; Abdalla, F. B. ; Asad, K. ; Bernardi, G. ; Bolton, J. S. ; Brentjens, M. ; De Bruyn, A. G. ; Chapman, E. ; Daiboo, S. ; Fernandez, E. R. ; Ghosh, A. ; Graziani, L. ; Harker, G. J A ; Iliev, I. T. ; Jelić, V. ; Jensen, H. ; Kazemi, S. ; Koopmans, L. V E ; Martinez, O. ; Maselli, A. ; Mellema, G. ; Offringa, A. R. ; Pandey, V. N. ; Schaye, J. ; Thomas, R. ; Vedantham, H. ; Yatawatta, S. ; Zaroubi, S. / Simulating the 21 cm forest detectable with LOFAR and SKA in the spectra of high-z GRBs. In: Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. 2015 ; Vol. 453, No. 1. pp. 101-105.
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AU - Ciardi, B.

AU - Inoue, S.

AU - Abdalla, F. B.

AU - Asad, K.

AU - Bernardi, G.

AU - Bolton, J. S.

AU - Brentjens, M.

AU - De Bruyn, A. G.

AU - Chapman, E.

AU - Daiboo, S.

AU - Fernandez, E. R.

AU - Ghosh, A.

AU - Graziani, L.

AU - Harker, G. J A

AU - Iliev, I. T.

AU - Jelić, V.

AU - Jensen, H.

AU - Kazemi, S.

AU - Koopmans, L. V E

AU - Martinez, O.

AU - Maselli, A.

AU - Mellema, G.

AU - Offringa, A. R.

AU - Pandey, V. N.

AU - Schaye, J.

AU - Thomas, R.

AU - Vedantham, H.

AU - Yatawatta, S.

AU - Zaroubi, S.

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N2 - We investigate the feasibility of detecting 21 cm absorption features in the afterglow spectra of high redshift long Gamma Ray Bursts (GRBs). This is done employing simulations of cosmic reionization, together with estimates of the GRB radio afterglow flux and the instrumental characteristics of the LOw Frequency ARray (LOFAR).We find that absorption features could be marginally (with a S/N larger than a few) detected by LOFAR at z ≳ 7 if the GRB is a highly energetic event originating from Pop III stars, while the detection would be easier if the noise were reduced by one order of magnitude, i.e. similar to what is expected for the first phase of the Square Kilometre Array (SKA1-low). On the other hand, more standard GRBs are too dim to be detected even with ten times the sensitivity of SKA1-low, and only in the most optimistic case can a S/N larger than a few be reached at z ≳ 9.

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