Simultaneous blockade of different EGF-like growth factors results in efficient growth inhibition of human colon carcinoma xenografts

Antonella De Luca, Claudio Arra, Antonio D'Antonio, Amelia Casamassimi, Simona Losito, Paola Ferraro, Fortunato Ciardiello, David S. Salomon, Nicola Normanno

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

A majority of human colon carcinomas coexpress the epidermal growth factor (EGF)-related peptides transforming growth factor α (TGFα), amphiregulin (AR) and CRIPTO-1 (CR). We have synthesized novel, antisense mixed backbone oligonucleotides (AS MBOs) directed against TGFα, AR and CR. We screened the EGF-related AS MBOs for their ability to inhibit the anchorage independent growth of GEO human colon carcinoma cells. The MBOs that showed a high in vitro efficacy were then used for in vivo experiments. TGFα, AR and CR AS MBOs were able to inhibit the growth of GEO tumor xenografts in nude mice in a dose-dependent manner. Furthermore, the AS MBOs were able to specifically inhibit the expression of the target mRNAs and proteins in the tumor xenografts. A more significant tumor growth inhibition was observed when mice were treated with a combination of the three AS MBOs as compared to treatment with a single AS MBO. Finally, tumors from mice treated with TGFα, AR and CR AS MBOs showed a significant reduction of microvessel count, as compared with tumors from untreated mice or from mice treated with a single AS MBO. These data suggest that combinations of AS oligonucleotides directed against different growth factors might represent a novel, experimental therapy approach of colon carcinomas.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5863-5871
Number of pages9
JournalOncogene
Volume19
Issue number51
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 30 2000

Keywords

  • Amphiregulin
  • Antisense
  • Colon carcinoma
  • Cripto
  • TGFα

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Cancer Research
  • Genetics

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