Simultaneous estimation of cortical activity during social interactions by using EEG hyperscannings.

L. Astolfi, F. Cincotti, D. Mattia, F. De Vico Fallani, S. Salinari, G. Vecchiato, J. Toppi, C. Wilke, A. Doud, H. Yuan, B. He, F. Babiloni

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

In this paper we show how the possibility of recording simultaneously the cerebral neuroelectric activity in different subjects (EEG hyperscanning) during the execution of different tasks could return useful information about the "internal" cerebral state of the subjects. We present the results obtained by EEG hyperscannings during ecological task (such as the execution of a card game) as well as that obtained in a series of couples of subjects during the performance of the Prisoner's Dilemma Game. The simultaneous recordings of couples of interacting subjects allows to observe and to model directly the neural signature of human interactions in order to understand the cerebral processes generating and generated by social cooperation or competition. Results obtained in a study of different groups recorded during the card game revealed a larger activity in prefrontal and anterior cingulated cortex in different frequency bands for the player that leads the game when compared to other players. Results collected in a population of 10 subjects during the performance of the Prisoner's Dilemma suggested that the most consistently activated structure is the orbitofrontal region (roughly described by the Brodmann area 10) during the condition of competition in both the tasks. It could be speculated whether the pattern of cortical connectivity between different cortical areas in different subjects could be employed as a tool for assessing the outcome of the task in advance.

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Interpersonal Relations
Electroencephalography
Prefrontal Cortex
Frequency bands
Population
Prisoner Dilemma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition
  • Signal Processing
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Health Informatics

Cite this

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title = "Simultaneous estimation of cortical activity during social interactions by using EEG hyperscannings.",
abstract = "In this paper we show how the possibility of recording simultaneously the cerebral neuroelectric activity in different subjects (EEG hyperscanning) during the execution of different tasks could return useful information about the {"}internal{"} cerebral state of the subjects. We present the results obtained by EEG hyperscannings during ecological task (such as the execution of a card game) as well as that obtained in a series of couples of subjects during the performance of the Prisoner's Dilemma Game. The simultaneous recordings of couples of interacting subjects allows to observe and to model directly the neural signature of human interactions in order to understand the cerebral processes generating and generated by social cooperation or competition. Results obtained in a study of different groups recorded during the card game revealed a larger activity in prefrontal and anterior cingulated cortex in different frequency bands for the player that leads the game when compared to other players. Results collected in a population of 10 subjects during the performance of the Prisoner's Dilemma suggested that the most consistently activated structure is the orbitofrontal region (roughly described by the Brodmann area 10) during the condition of competition in both the tasks. It could be speculated whether the pattern of cortical connectivity between different cortical areas in different subjects could be employed as a tool for assessing the outcome of the task in advance.",
author = "L. Astolfi and F. Cincotti and D. Mattia and {De Vico Fallani}, F. and S. Salinari and G. Vecchiato and J. Toppi and C. Wilke and A. Doud and H. Yuan and B. He and F. Babiloni",
year = "2010",
language = "English",
pages = "2814--2817",
journal = "Conference proceedings : ... Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society. IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society. Conference",
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T1 - Simultaneous estimation of cortical activity during social interactions by using EEG hyperscannings.

AU - Astolfi, L.

AU - Cincotti, F.

AU - Mattia, D.

AU - De Vico Fallani, F.

AU - Salinari, S.

AU - Vecchiato, G.

AU - Toppi, J.

AU - Wilke, C.

AU - Doud, A.

AU - Yuan, H.

AU - He, B.

AU - Babiloni, F.

PY - 2010

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N2 - In this paper we show how the possibility of recording simultaneously the cerebral neuroelectric activity in different subjects (EEG hyperscanning) during the execution of different tasks could return useful information about the "internal" cerebral state of the subjects. We present the results obtained by EEG hyperscannings during ecological task (such as the execution of a card game) as well as that obtained in a series of couples of subjects during the performance of the Prisoner's Dilemma Game. The simultaneous recordings of couples of interacting subjects allows to observe and to model directly the neural signature of human interactions in order to understand the cerebral processes generating and generated by social cooperation or competition. Results obtained in a study of different groups recorded during the card game revealed a larger activity in prefrontal and anterior cingulated cortex in different frequency bands for the player that leads the game when compared to other players. Results collected in a population of 10 subjects during the performance of the Prisoner's Dilemma suggested that the most consistently activated structure is the orbitofrontal region (roughly described by the Brodmann area 10) during the condition of competition in both the tasks. It could be speculated whether the pattern of cortical connectivity between different cortical areas in different subjects could be employed as a tool for assessing the outcome of the task in advance.

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