We studied 18 multiple sclerosis (MS) patients affected by retrobulbar neuritis (RBN). The patients were subdivided into two groups. Group 1: 14 patients with RBN. Group 2: 4 patients with optic atrophy. An ophthalmological examination (visual acuity, fundus oculi, visual field) was carried out in all the patients. A simultaneous visual evoked potential (VEP) and pattern electroretinogram (PERG) recording at two spatial frequencies (45' and 15') was performed. All the data obtained in Group 1 were compared (Student T-Test) with those of a control group of normal subjects matched for age and sex. Group 1. VEP: a comparison of the data in MS patients affected by RBN with the control group revealed a statistically significant P100 latency delay with both spatial frequencies (P less than 0.001). PERG: no "b" wave latency change at 45' and 15' spatial frequencies were seen. A "b" wave amplitude reduction was observed; this reduction reached significant values at 45' (P less than 0.001). Group 2. In optic atrophies the PERG was absent in 4 eyes at 45' and in 5 eyes at 15'.
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Acta Neurologica Belgica|
|Publication status||Published - 1991|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Neurology