Simultaneous transduction of B7-1 and IL-2 genes into human melanoma cells to be used as vaccine: Enhancement of stimulatory activity for autologous and allogeneic lymphocytes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

In order to construct an immunogenic cellular vaccine, we transduced three HLA-A*0201 human melanoma lines, selected for expression of classes I and II HLA, adhesion molecules and the T cell-defined melanoma antigens Melan/MART-1, gp100 and tyrosinase, with both interleukin-2 (IL-2) and B7-1 genes by the use of a polycistronic retroviral vector. The lines were selected to share only the HLA-A*0201 allele to avoid generation of strong alloreactivity in case of their multiple in vivo use in HLA-A*0201 + patients. Phenotypic and functional analysis of B7-1-IL2 transduced melanoma lines in comparison with B7-1 transduced and/or parental untransduced counterparts were then carried out. Tumor cells expressing either B7-1 or both genes did not change their original antigenic profile. From a functional point of view, expression of both genes in melanoma lines: (1) improved the response of anti-melanoma cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTL) over singly transduced or untransduced melanoma cells when subthreshold levels of MHC-peptide complexes were expressed by melanoma cells; (2) conferred a distinct advantage in the ability to stimulate cytotoxicity and interferon-γ release by autologous and/or HLA-A*0201-compatible allogeneic lymphocytes; (3) allowed the generation of a high number of specific CTL by in vitro stimulation of lymphocytes of HLA-A*0201-melanoma patients. Thus, B7-IL2 gene-transduced melanoma lines appear to display a high immunogenicity and could be used as vaccine in melanoma patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)199-211
Number of pages13
JournalCancer Immunology, Immunotherapy
Volume50
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2001

Keywords

  • B7-1
  • IL-2
  • Melanoma
  • Vaccine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research
  • Immunology
  • Oncology

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