In order to construct an immunogenic cellular vaccine, we transduced three HLA-A*0201 human melanoma lines, selected for expression of classes I and II HLA, adhesion molecules and the T cell-defined melanoma antigens Melan/MART-1, gp100 and tyrosinase, with both interleukin-2 (IL-2) and B7-1 genes by the use of a polycistronic retroviral vector. The lines were selected to share only the HLA-A*0201 allele to avoid generation of strong alloreactivity in case of their multiple in vivo use in HLA-A*0201 + patients. Phenotypic and functional analysis of B7-1-IL2 transduced melanoma lines in comparison with B7-1 transduced and/or parental untransduced counterparts were then carried out. Tumor cells expressing either B7-1 or both genes did not change their original antigenic profile. From a functional point of view, expression of both genes in melanoma lines: (1) improved the response of anti-melanoma cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTL) over singly transduced or untransduced melanoma cells when subthreshold levels of MHC-peptide complexes were expressed by melanoma cells; (2) conferred a distinct advantage in the ability to stimulate cytotoxicity and interferon-γ release by autologous and/or HLA-A*0201-compatible allogeneic lymphocytes; (3) allowed the generation of a high number of specific CTL by in vitro stimulation of lymphocytes of HLA-A*0201-melanoma patients. Thus, B7-IL2 gene-transduced melanoma lines appear to display a high immunogenicity and could be used as vaccine in melanoma patients.
|Number of pages||13|
|Journal||Cancer Immunology, Immunotherapy|
|Publication status||Published - 2001|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research