Single-bundle patellar tendon versus non-anatomical double-bundle hamstrings ACL reconstruction: A prospective randomized study at 8-year minimum follow-up

Stefano Zaffagnini, Danilo Bruni, Giulio Maria Marcheggiani Muccioli, Tommaso Bonanzinga, Nicola Lopomo, Simone Bignozzi, Maurilio Marcacci

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Purpose: The purpose of this study was to compare subjective, objective and radiographic outcome of the lateralized single-bundle bone-patellar tendon-bone autograft with a non-anatomical double-bundle hamstring tendons autograft anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction technique at long-term follow-up. Methods: Seventy-nine non-consecutive randomized patients (42 men; 37 women) with unilateral ACL insufficiency were prospectively evaluated, before and after ACL reconstruction by means of the above-mentioned techniques, with a minimum follow-up of 8 years (range 8-10 years; mean 8.6 years). In the double-bundle hamstrings technique, we used one tibial and one femoral tunnel combined with one "over-the-top" passage, cortical staple's fixation and we left intact hamstrings' tibial insertion. Patients were evaluated subjectively and objectively, using IKDC score, Tegner level, manual maximum displacement test with KT-2000™ arthrometer. Radiographic evaluation was performed according to IKDC grading system, and re-intervention rate for meniscal lesions was also recorded. Results: The subjective and objective IKDC were similar in both groups while double-bundle hamstrings group showed significantly higher Tegner level (P = 0.0007), higher passive range of motion recovery (P = 0.0014), faster sport resumption (P = 0.0052), lower glide pivot-shift phenomenon (P = 0.0302) and lower re-intervention rate (P = 0.0116) compared with patellar tendon group. Radiographic evaluation showed significant lower objective degenerative changes in double-bundle hamstrings group at final follow-up (P = 0.0056). Conclusion: Although both techniques provide satisfactory results, double-bundle ACL reconstruction shows better functional results, with a faster return to sport activity, a lower re-operation rate and lower degenerative knee changes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)390-397
Number of pages8
JournalKnee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2011


  • ACL reconstruction
  • Arthroscopy
  • Knee
  • Non-anatomical double-bundle hamstrings
  • Patellar tendon

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Surgery


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