Single-dose palonosetron and dexamethasone in preventing nausea and vomiting induced by moderately emetogenic chemotherapy in breast and colorectal cancer patients

Silvia Brugnatelli, Elisabetta Gattoni, Donatella Grasso, Franca Rossetti, Tania Perrone, Marco Danova

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Aims and background. Palonosetron, a unique second-generation 5-HT3 receptor antagonist, has been demonstrated to control emesis related to chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting (CINV). The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and tolerability of palonosetron followed by a single dose of dexamethasone in patients with breast cancer (BC) or colorectal cancer (CRC) receiving moderate emetogenic chemotherapy (MEC). Methods and study design. Chemotherapy-naive BC and CRC patients were given MEC as adjuvant or first-line treatment. Palonosetron (0.25 mg IV) and dexamethasone (8 mg IV) were administered before chemotherapy on day 1. The primary endpoint was complete response (CR; no vomiting and no use of rescuemedication) during the overall study period (days 1-5). The antiemetic response was evaluated during the acute (day 1) and delayed (days 2-5) phases. Results. Sixty-eight patients were enrolled (median age 61 years, 56 females; BC = 40, CRC = 28). CR was observed in 46 of 68 patients (67.6%), while CR during the acute and delayed phases was 75.0%in each cancer group. The antiemetic regimen was well tolerated. Conclusions. A single administration of palonosetron and dexamethasone on day 1 in BC and CRC patients adequately controls CINV during the entire period of emetic risk.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)362-366
Number of pages5
JournalTumori
Volume97
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2011

Keywords

  • Chemotherapy inducing nausea and vomiting (CINV)
  • Dexamethasone
  • Moderately emetogenic chemotherapy (MEC)
  • Palonosetron

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research
  • Oncology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Single-dose palonosetron and dexamethasone in preventing nausea and vomiting induced by moderately emetogenic chemotherapy in breast and colorectal cancer patients'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this