Single fraction partial breast irradiation in prone position

Giuseppe Iaccarino, P. Pinnaro, V. Landoni, S. Marzi, A. Soriani, C. Giordano, S. Arcangeli, M. Benassi, G. Arcangeli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


The purpose of this work is to introduce a new treatment approach and technique for partial breast irradiation in only one session to patients in prone position by using a dedicated positioning device. The patients were treated on a home-made treatment table top that allows the breast to hang down. A particular immobilization system was introduced in order to assure the reproducibility of patient positioning between the CT acquisition session and the treatment session. The clinical target volume (CTV) was outlined according to surgical clips position and/or tumor location on preoperative mammography. Because of negligible movement due to respiration, only an additional margin of 3 mm was added to obtain the planning target volume (PTV). Based on radiobiological calculations, a dose of 21 Gy was prescribed to PTV. The tumor bed was treated with 3D-CRT technique by using 5 fields and rotating the table while the gantry was approximately 90 or 270 degrees. Thirty patients were enrolled for this study chosen in conformity to an approved clinical protocol. The average percentage of PTV volume enclosed in the 90% and 95% of prescribed dose were 99.9 and 98.6% respectively, while only 3.4% of PTV volume received more than 105% of prescribed dose. Dose to 3% of skin volume was, on average, 15.2 Gy. In 97% of patients, less than 50% of the ipsilateral breast received a dose greater than half the prescribed dose. Mean doses to lungs, heart and contralateral breast were negligible. With a median follow-up of 9 months, no important early toxicity was observed both for skin and breast tissue. The treatment of breast tumor bed in prone position in only one session by using the 3D-CRT is technically feasible and seems to be a promising alternative to other accelerated partial breast irradiation techniques.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)543-552
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Experimental and Clinical Cancer Research
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2007


  • 3D-CRT
  • Early-stage breast cancer
  • Partial breast irradiation
  • Prone position
  • Single dose

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research
  • Oncology

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    Iaccarino, G., Pinnaro, P., Landoni, V., Marzi, S., Soriani, A., Giordano, C., Arcangeli, S., Benassi, M., & Arcangeli, G. (2007). Single fraction partial breast irradiation in prone position. Journal of Experimental and Clinical Cancer Research, 26(4), 543-552.