Single strand conformation polymorphism (SSCP) as a quick and reliable method to genotype M235T polymorphism of angiotensinogen gene

Paola Bettinaglio, Andrea Galbusera, Jessica Caprioli, Silvia Orisio, Annalisa Perna, Federica Arnoldi, Sara Bucchioni, Marina Noris

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objectives: Conflicting results on the relationship between M235T polymorphism of angiotensinogen (AGT) gene and diabetic nephropathy are reported in the literature, probably due to the small number of subjects, to different inclusion criteria and the different genotype analysis methods used. The aim of the present study was to set up a fast, cheap and reliable method to allow the genotyping of M235T polymorphism in a large number of subjects. Design and methods: We developed in our laboratory a new specifically designed PCR-SSCP method for M235T genotyping whose specificity was compared with that of Allele Specific PCR (ASPCR) and Mutagenically Separated PCR (MS-PCR). The exact M235T genotype was estabilished by direct sequencing. The new PCR-SSCP method was then used to genotype a population of 1171 hypertensive, normoalbuminuric type II diabetes mellitus patients. The patients were also genotyped for ACE I/D polymorphism. For comparison a group of hypertensive non diabetic patients (n = 88) were also screened. Results: The PCR-SSCP method identified the M235T polymorphism with no misinterpretation at variance with ASPCR and MS-PCR methods that showed a preferential amplification of the T allele. The rare Y248C polymorphism of the AGT gene was also detected by PCR-SSCP. In diabetic hypertensive patients the prevalence of TT genotype was higher than in normotensive healthy controls and equivalent to that found in hypertensive non diabetic patients. Conclusions: The PCR-SSCP method for detection of M235T polymorphism is a powerful and sensitive tool for rapid, cheap and efficient screening of a large number of samples. The results obtained with this method demonstrate an association of the TT genotype of AGT gene with hypertension, both in diabetic and non diabetic patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)363-368
Number of pages6
JournalClinical Biochemistry
Volume35
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2002

Keywords

  • ACE I/D polymorphism
  • Angiotensin-converting enzyme
  • Angiotensinogen
  • Diabetic nephropathy
  • M235T polymorphism
  • Renin angiotensin system
  • Single Strand Conformation Polymorphism (SSCP)
  • Y248C polymorphism

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Biochemistry

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