Bioactive glasses and glass-ceramics of the system SiO2-P 2O5-CaO with and without zinc were synthesized by sol-gel with the aim to address the influence of both the chemical composition and the microstructure on the growth of hydroxycarbonate apatite (HCA) following soaking in simulated body fluid (SBF). In the standard compositions 58S, 70S, and 80S the silica precursor was also partially replaced with a nanoscale silica powder (HiSil) in order to separate the contributions of porosity and composition. The combined use of XRPD, N2 absorption measurements, and SEM allowed us to establish quantitative correlations among the above-mentioned quantities. We found that the HCA formation rate increases with the silica content and that an important role is played by the specific surface area of the samples. Notably, the addition of even small quantities (0.4 wt %) of ZnO at the expenses of both CaO and P2O5 in the 58S glass leads to the increase, with respect to the 58S sample, of both the HCA formation rate and the HCA content after 8 days of treatment in SBF. A preliminary result revealed that sample with 0.4 wt % ZnO displayed good in vitro biocompatibility as shown by LDH assay.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films