Nephrotoxicity caused by calcineurin inhibitors can lead to either delayed graft function or long-term decline of renal function after kidney transplantation. Therefore, recipients of renal transplants from marginal donors require non-nephrotoxic immunosuppression. Eighteen patients received kidney transplants from marginal donors, with a calcineurin inhibitor-free immunosuppressive regimen, based on basiliximab, mycophenolate mofetil, steroids, and sirolimus. Renal graft biopsy was performed in all cases before surgery. Mean follow-up was 11.8 months. We report immediate renal function in 9 patients, delayed graft function in 5 and acute tubular necrosis in 4 patients. One patient was successfully treated for biopsy-proven acute rejection. Hypercholesterolemia and hypertriglyceridemia were the most common adverse effects (n = 13) associated with arthralgia (n = 2) and thrombocytopenia (n = 2). Five patients underwent a switch to tacrolimus, due to sirolimus-induced side effects. Immunosuppression without the use of calcineurin inhibitors is a safe and effective regimen in kidney transplantation, although sirolimus-related side effects still represent a morbidity factor in these patients.
|Number of pages||2|
|Publication status||Published - Apr 2004|
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