Dexorubicin, ellipticine and etoposide are antineoplastic drugs with topoisomerase II inhibitory activity. The relationship between drug-induced sister-chromatid exchanges (SCEs) or chromosomal aberrations (CAs) and cytotoxicity, or drug-induced DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs) and cytotoxicity, or drug-induced SCEs and DSBs was investigated in human ovarian cancer cells sensitive (A2780) and resistant (A2780-DX3_to topoisomerase II inhibitors. 30-min drug treatments produced SCEs, CAs and DSBs in sensitive cells, doxorubicin being more potent than etoposide at equimolar concentrations. The same treatments of resistant (A2780-DX3) cells did not produce chromosomal damage (SCEs, CAs, DSBs) and no cytotoxicity was observed. A plot of cytotoxicity versus SCEs indicated a good correlation between these two parameters for topoisomerase II inhibitors and not for mytomicin C. The plot of DSBs versus SCEs also showed a very good correlation.
- Atypical multi-drug resistance
- Ovarian cancer
- Sister-chromatid exchange
- Topoisomerase II
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis