Sit-to-stand movement analysis in obese subjects

M. Galli, M. Crivellini, F. Sibella, A. Montesano, P. Bertocco, C. Parisio

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the typical strategies of obese subjects during a sit-to-stand task (a typical daily living activity) and to assess the load conditions of hip, knee and ankle joints. DESIGN: Cross-sectional, controlled (obese patients vs controls) study on sit-to-stand movement analysis. SUBJECTS: Ten adult young volunteers (five men and five women, mean age 28, s.d. 3 y; mean BMI 22, s.d. 2.3 kg/m2) and 30 obese subjects 25 women and five men, mean age 39.4, s.d. 13.7 y, mean BMI 40, s.d. 5.9 kg/m2) suffering from chronic lower back pain were analyzed in a sit-to-stand task (10 trials for each subject). MEASUREMENTS: Angle parameters carried out from a quantitative three-dimensional analysis of sit-to-stand (STS) movement, using an optoelectronic system. RESULTS: STS task in controls was characterized by a fully forward bending strategy of the trunk, while in obese patients at the beginning (first trial) of the STS task they limited the forward bending in order to protect the vertebral column. When fatigue increased during the execution of multiple STS tasks, the protection of the vertebral column was secondary to the execution of the task. In order to limit the muscle fatigue they increased the forward bending in order to decrease knee joint torque. DISCUSSION: The analysis of the strategy used by obese patients in STS task can be used in the design of future trials to assess the efficacy of rehabilitative treatment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1488-1492
Number of pages5
JournalInternational Journal of Obesity
Volume24
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 2000

Keywords

  • Biomechanics
  • Force platform
  • Obesity
  • Optoelectronic system
  • Rehabilitation
  • Sit-to-stand

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Endocrinology
  • Food Science
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

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