Situated navigational working memory: the role of positive mood

Massimiliano Palmiero, Raffaella Nori, Carmelo Rogolino, Simonetta D’Amico, Laura Piccardi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The perspective of situated cognition assumes that cognition is not separated from the context. In the present study, the issue if visuospatial memory and navigational working memory are situated was explored by manipulating participants’ mood (positive, negative and neutral) while performing two different tasks. College students were randomly assigned to the group of positive, negative or neutral music. Participants filled out the positive and negative affect schedule (PANAS) before and after carrying out the Corsi Test and the Walking Corsi Test. Both tasks were performed forward and backward. Music was played throughout the memory tasks. Firstly, comparing pre-mood induction PANAS scores to post-mood induction PANAS scores, results showed that only positive affects were manipulated: After mood induction, the Positive Music Group produced higher scores, whereas the Negative Music Group produced lower scores than before mood induction; the Neutral Music Group produced no effect. Secondly, the Positive Music Group produced higher scores than Negative and Neutral Music Groups both at the Corsi Test and at the Walking Corsi Test. These results show that situational contexts that induce a specific mood can affect visuospatial memory and navigational working memory, and open to the idea that positive emotions may play a crucial role in enhancing navigational strategies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)327-330
Number of pages4
JournalCognitive Processing
Volume16
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 1 2015

Keywords

  • Corsi Test
  • Mood induction
  • Topographical orientation
  • Topographical working memory
  • Visuospatial memory
  • Walking Corsi Test

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cognitive Neuroscience
  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Artificial Intelligence

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