Six-minute walk test and cardiopulmonary exercise testing in patients with chronic heart failure: A comparative analysis on clinical and prognostic insights

Marco Guazzi, Kenneth Dickstein, Marco Vicenzi, Ross Arena

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background-The six-minute walk test (6MWT) and cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) are the 2 testing modalities most broadly used for assessing functional limitation in patients with heart failure (HF). A comprehensive comparison on clinical and prognostic validity of the 2 techniques has not been performed and is the aim of the present investigation. Methods and Results-Two hundred fifty-three patients diagnosed with systolic (n=211) or diastolic (n=42) HF (age: 61.9± 10.1 years; New York Heart Association Class: 2.2±0.78) underwent a 6MWT and a symptom-limited CPET evaluation and were prospectively followed up. During the 4-year tracking period, there were 43 cardiac-related deaths with an annual cardiac mortality rate of 8.7%. The 6MWT distance correlated with CPET-derived variables (ie, peak Vo2, Vo2 at anaerobic threshold, and Ve/Vco2 slope) and was significantly reduced in proportion with lower peak Vo2 and higher Ve/Vco2 slope classes and presence of an exercise oscillatory breathing (EOB) pattern (P2 slope (entire population with HF and patients with a 6MWT≤300 m). Conclusions-The 6MWT is confirmed to be a simple and reliable first-line test for quantification of exercise intolerance in patients with HF. However, there is no supportive evidence for its use as a prognostic marker in alternative to or in conjunction with CPET-derived variables.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)549-555
Number of pages7
JournalCirculation: Heart Failure
Volume2
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2009

Keywords

  • Exercise
  • Heart failure
  • Prognosis
  • Ventilation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Six-minute walk test and cardiopulmonary exercise testing in patients with chronic heart failure: A comparative analysis on clinical and prognostic insights'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this