Skewed expression of activation, differentiation and homing-related antigens in circulating cells from patients with cutaneous T cell lymphoma associated with CD7- T helper lymphocytes expansion

Enrico Scala, Giandomenico Russo, Silvia Cadoni, Maria Grazia Narducci, Carlo Renè Girardelli, Ornella De Pità, Pietro Puddu

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42 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Mycosis fungoides and Sezary syndrome represent the most frequent forms of cutaneous T cell lymphoma. Both are characterized by skin infiltrating and/or circulating malignant cells displaying a CD4+CD7- phenotype in the majority of cases. Because an expansion of CD4+CD7- cells may also be found in inflammatory dermatoses or in the aging process, we evaluated, by flow cytometry, the relationship between CD7 expression and the distribution of differentiation/activation or homing antigens on peripheral blood lymphocytes from 36 cutaneous T cell lymphoma patients and from healthy donors. CD4+CD7- cells were increased in all patients with cutaneous T cell lymphoma. As a consequence, the CD7(+/-) ratio was reduced in stage I-II mycosis fungoides (3.96 vs 6.55 in healthy donors), and inverted in stage III-IV MF and Sezary syndrome (0.28 and 0.12 respectively). In the late stage of disease, the CD7(+/-) inverted ratio was strictly related to the expression of CD15s, CD60, and CD45R0, and the lack of expression of CD26 and CD49d. Interestingly, in leukemic patients, this phenotype was also associated with peculiar morphologic (large size) or phenotypical (CD3(dim) expression) characteristics. Furthermore, a progressive reduction of circulating CD8+ cells was also seen throughout all stages of disease. The presence of these populations in cutaneous T cell lymphoma at late phases of disease and Sezary syndrome suggests that all of these molecules may play an important part in the activation pathway and skin homing of circulating T cells in lymphoproliferative disorders. Therefore, this may constitute a distinctive feature in cutaneous T cell lymphoma patients with more aggressive characteristics.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)622-627
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Investigative Dermatology
Volume113
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1999

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Cutaneous T-Cell Lymphoma
T-cells
Lymphocytes
Helper-Inducer T-Lymphocytes
Sezary Syndrome
Chemical activation
Antigens
Mycosis Fungoides
Tissue Donors
Skin
Phenotype
Lymphoproliferative Disorders
Skin Diseases
Flow cytometry
Flow Cytometry
Blood
T-Lymphocytes
Aging of materials
Molecules
Population

Keywords

  • CD15s
  • CD26
  • CD45RO
  • CD60
  • VLA4

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dermatology

Cite this

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title = "Skewed expression of activation, differentiation and homing-related antigens in circulating cells from patients with cutaneous T cell lymphoma associated with CD7- T helper lymphocytes expansion",
abstract = "Mycosis fungoides and Sezary syndrome represent the most frequent forms of cutaneous T cell lymphoma. Both are characterized by skin infiltrating and/or circulating malignant cells displaying a CD4+CD7- phenotype in the majority of cases. Because an expansion of CD4+CD7- cells may also be found in inflammatory dermatoses or in the aging process, we evaluated, by flow cytometry, the relationship between CD7 expression and the distribution of differentiation/activation or homing antigens on peripheral blood lymphocytes from 36 cutaneous T cell lymphoma patients and from healthy donors. CD4+CD7- cells were increased in all patients with cutaneous T cell lymphoma. As a consequence, the CD7(+/-) ratio was reduced in stage I-II mycosis fungoides (3.96 vs 6.55 in healthy donors), and inverted in stage III-IV MF and Sezary syndrome (0.28 and 0.12 respectively). In the late stage of disease, the CD7(+/-) inverted ratio was strictly related to the expression of CD15s, CD60, and CD45R0, and the lack of expression of CD26 and CD49d. Interestingly, in leukemic patients, this phenotype was also associated with peculiar morphologic (large size) or phenotypical (CD3(dim) expression) characteristics. Furthermore, a progressive reduction of circulating CD8+ cells was also seen throughout all stages of disease. The presence of these populations in cutaneous T cell lymphoma at late phases of disease and Sezary syndrome suggests that all of these molecules may play an important part in the activation pathway and skin homing of circulating T cells in lymphoproliferative disorders. Therefore, this may constitute a distinctive feature in cutaneous T cell lymphoma patients with more aggressive characteristics.",
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author = "Enrico Scala and Giandomenico Russo and Silvia Cadoni and Narducci, {Maria Grazia} and Girardelli, {Carlo Ren{\`e}} and {De Pit{\`a}}, Ornella and Pietro Puddu",
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T1 - Skewed expression of activation, differentiation and homing-related antigens in circulating cells from patients with cutaneous T cell lymphoma associated with CD7- T helper lymphocytes expansion

AU - Scala, Enrico

AU - Russo, Giandomenico

AU - Cadoni, Silvia

AU - Narducci, Maria Grazia

AU - Girardelli, Carlo Renè

AU - De Pità, Ornella

AU - Puddu, Pietro

PY - 1999

Y1 - 1999

N2 - Mycosis fungoides and Sezary syndrome represent the most frequent forms of cutaneous T cell lymphoma. Both are characterized by skin infiltrating and/or circulating malignant cells displaying a CD4+CD7- phenotype in the majority of cases. Because an expansion of CD4+CD7- cells may also be found in inflammatory dermatoses or in the aging process, we evaluated, by flow cytometry, the relationship between CD7 expression and the distribution of differentiation/activation or homing antigens on peripheral blood lymphocytes from 36 cutaneous T cell lymphoma patients and from healthy donors. CD4+CD7- cells were increased in all patients with cutaneous T cell lymphoma. As a consequence, the CD7(+/-) ratio was reduced in stage I-II mycosis fungoides (3.96 vs 6.55 in healthy donors), and inverted in stage III-IV MF and Sezary syndrome (0.28 and 0.12 respectively). In the late stage of disease, the CD7(+/-) inverted ratio was strictly related to the expression of CD15s, CD60, and CD45R0, and the lack of expression of CD26 and CD49d. Interestingly, in leukemic patients, this phenotype was also associated with peculiar morphologic (large size) or phenotypical (CD3(dim) expression) characteristics. Furthermore, a progressive reduction of circulating CD8+ cells was also seen throughout all stages of disease. The presence of these populations in cutaneous T cell lymphoma at late phases of disease and Sezary syndrome suggests that all of these molecules may play an important part in the activation pathway and skin homing of circulating T cells in lymphoproliferative disorders. Therefore, this may constitute a distinctive feature in cutaneous T cell lymphoma patients with more aggressive characteristics.

AB - Mycosis fungoides and Sezary syndrome represent the most frequent forms of cutaneous T cell lymphoma. Both are characterized by skin infiltrating and/or circulating malignant cells displaying a CD4+CD7- phenotype in the majority of cases. Because an expansion of CD4+CD7- cells may also be found in inflammatory dermatoses or in the aging process, we evaluated, by flow cytometry, the relationship between CD7 expression and the distribution of differentiation/activation or homing antigens on peripheral blood lymphocytes from 36 cutaneous T cell lymphoma patients and from healthy donors. CD4+CD7- cells were increased in all patients with cutaneous T cell lymphoma. As a consequence, the CD7(+/-) ratio was reduced in stage I-II mycosis fungoides (3.96 vs 6.55 in healthy donors), and inverted in stage III-IV MF and Sezary syndrome (0.28 and 0.12 respectively). In the late stage of disease, the CD7(+/-) inverted ratio was strictly related to the expression of CD15s, CD60, and CD45R0, and the lack of expression of CD26 and CD49d. Interestingly, in leukemic patients, this phenotype was also associated with peculiar morphologic (large size) or phenotypical (CD3(dim) expression) characteristics. Furthermore, a progressive reduction of circulating CD8+ cells was also seen throughout all stages of disease. The presence of these populations in cutaneous T cell lymphoma at late phases of disease and Sezary syndrome suggests that all of these molecules may play an important part in the activation pathway and skin homing of circulating T cells in lymphoproliferative disorders. Therefore, this may constitute a distinctive feature in cutaneous T cell lymphoma patients with more aggressive characteristics.

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