Skin-Reducing Mastectomy and Direct-to-Implant Breast Reconstruction with Submuscular-Dermal-Mesh Pocket

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Abstract

Background Despite skin-sparing mastectomy techniques have significantly improved reconstructive options and aesthetic outcomes, patients with large and ptotic breasts remain a challenging group to treat satisfactorily. The Wise-pattern skin-reducing mastectomy (SRM) has been designed for this kind of patients but is not without morbidity. To improve safety, the authors reviewed their experience with a modified SRM and immediate 1-stage implant-based breast reconstruction, using a synthetic absorbable mesh combined with a dermal flap. Methods A retrospective review was undertaken to identify women with medium to large ptotic breast and medium minimally ptotic breast who had undergone SRM and direct-to-implant breast reconstruction using definitive anatomical gel implant, de-epithelialized dermal flap, and absorbable synthetic mesh, between October 2014 and December 2016. Patient demographics were queried, and complication rates, aesthetic outcomes, and patients satisfaction were assessed. Results Sixty-two procedures of SRM were performed in 56 patients. Forty-five women received contralateral symmetrization. Twenty-one overall complications occurred in 16 patients. Statistical correlation between risk factors and complications onset was assessed. Body mass index resulted the most substantial risk factor (P = 0.0028) for developing complications, whereas preoperative chemotherapy (P = 0.0050) and comorbidities (P = 0.0117) played a decent role. Smoking attitude (P = 0.1122), age (P = 0.9990), and implant weight (P = 0.1583) did not result as significant risk factors. The reconstructive outcomes were good to excellent in 92.8%, with patient satisfaction ranking very to highly satisfied in 84%. Conclusions The authors' series suggests that SRM with direct-to-implant breast reconstruction can be easily performed when an appropriate SRM pattern is designed, providing complete implant coverage with submuscular-dermal-mesh pocket.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)19-27
Number of pages9
JournalAnnals of Plastic Surgery
Volume82
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2019

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Keywords

  • direct-to-implant breast reconstruction
  • large ptotic breast
  • one-stage implant-based breast reconstruction
  • prophylactic mastectomy
  • skin-reducing mastectomy
  • skin-sparing mastectomy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

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