Objectives: The equilibrative nucleoside transporter 1 (ENT1) is the main protein involved in ribavirin cellular uptake. Polymorphisms at the SLC29A1 gene, encoding ENT1, may influence ribavirin-associated anaemia, which is observed at a higher incidence with telaprevir in combination with pegylated-IFNα and ribavirin than with pegylated-IFNα and ribavirin alone. In this study, we investigated the role of the rs760370 SLC29A1 variant in ribavirin-induced anaemia in chronic hepatitis C patients treated with telaprevir-based triple therapy. Methods: Forty patients infected with hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotype 1 and starting anti-HCV therapy with telaprevir in combination with pegylated-IFN/ribavirin were prospectively evaluated for SNPs at the SLC29A1 gene and inosine triphosphatase (ITPA) genes using a real-time PCR system. Results: 40% of patients developed severe anaemia with a haemoglobin (Hb) decline ≥5 g/dL from the pretreatment value. The SLC29A1 rs760370 GG genotype was associated with the severity of Hb decrease as expressed by the median (IQR) Hb nadir change from baseline [25.4 (25.6; 25.0) g/dL in GG versus 24.2 (25.1; 23.4) in AA/AG genotype; P=0.05] and by the Hb decrease ≥5 g/dL by week 12 (77.8% of GG carriers versus 24% of AA/AG; PG at the SLC29A1 gene influences the severity of ribavirin-induced anaemia, possibly mirroring the erythrocyte uptake of ribavirin.
- Nucleoside transporters
- Single nucleotide polymorphisms
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pharmacology (medical)
- Infectious Diseases