Sleep affects cortical source modularity in temporal lobe epilepsy: A high-density EEG study

Alessandra Del Felice, Silvia Francesca Storti, Paolo Manganotti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Objective: Interictal epileptiform discharges (IEDs) constitute a perturbation of ongoing cerebral rhythms, usually more frequent during sleep. The aim of the study was to determine whether sleep influences the spread of IEDs over the scalp and whether their distribution depends on vigilance-related modifications in cortical interactions. Methods: Wake and sleep 256-channel electroencephalography (EEG) data were recorded in 12 subjects with right temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) differentiated by whether they had mesial or neocortical TLE. Spikes were selected during wake and sleep. The averaged waking signal was subtracted from the sleep signal and projected on a bidimensional scalp map; sleep and wake spike distributions were compared by using a t-test. The superimposed signal of sleep and wake traces was obtained; the rising phase of the spike, the peak, and the deflections following the spike were identified, and their cortical generator was calculated using low-resolution brain electromagnetic tomography (LORETA) for each group. Results: A mean of 21 IEDs in wake and 39 in sleep per subject were selected. As compared to wake, a larger IED scalp projection was detected during sleep in both mesial and neocortical TLE (p

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1677-1683
Number of pages7
JournalClinical Neurophysiology
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - Sep 1 2015


  • Brain oscillatory rhythms
  • Electrical source imaging (ESI)
  • Epileptogenic zone
  • Interictal epileptiform discharge (IED)
  • Perturbational approach

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Neurology
  • Physiology (medical)
  • Sensory Systems
  • Medicine(all)


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