Sleep and exertional periodic breathing in chronic heart failure: Prognostic importance and interdependence

Ugo Corrà, Massimo Pistono, Alessandro Mezzani, Alberto Braghiroli, Andrea Giordano, Paola Lanfranchi, Enzo Bosimini, Marco Gnemmi, Pantaleo Giannuzzi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


BACKGROUND-: Sleep and exertional periodic breathing are proverbial in chronic heart failure (CHF), and each alone indicates poor prognosis. Whether these conditions are associated and whether excess risk may be attributed to respiratory disorders in general, rather than specifically during sleep or exercise, is unknown. METHODS AND RESULTS-: We studied 133 CHF patients with left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) ≤40%. During 1170±631 days of follow-up, 31 patients (23%) died. Nonsurvivors had higher New York Heart Association class, ventilatory response (&OV0312;e/&OV0312;co2 slope), and apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) and lower peak &OV0312;o2 (all P30/h. EOV was significantly related to AHI >30/h (χ 14.6, P30/h. Multivariable analysis, including breathing disorders alone (EOV, AHI >30/h) or in combination (EOV plus AHI >30/h), selected combined disorders as the strongest predictor of events (HR 6.65, 95% CI 2.6 to 17.1, P30/h. Although each breathing disorder alone is linked to total mortality, their combination has a crucial prognostic burden.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)44-50
Number of pages7
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2006


  • Exercise
  • Heart failure
  • Prognosis
  • Sleep
  • Ventilation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


Dive into the research topics of 'Sleep and exertional periodic breathing in chronic heart failure: Prognostic importance and interdependence'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this