Sleep quality and motor vehicle crashes in adolescents

Fabio Pizza, Sara Contardi, Alessandro Baldi Antognini, Maroussa Zagoraiou, Matteo Borrotti, Barbara Mostacci, Susanna Mondini, Fabio Cirignotta

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Study objectives: Sleep-related complaints are common in adolescents, but their impact on the rate of motor vehicle crashes accidents is poorly known. We studied subjective sleep quality, driving habits, and self-reported car crashes in high-school adolescents. Methods: Self-administered questionnaires (with items exploring driving habits) were distributed to 339 students who had a driver's license and attended 1 of 7 high schools in Bologna, Italy. Statistical analysis were performed to describe lifestyle habits, sleep quality, sleepiness, and their relationship with the binary dependent variable (presence or absence of car crashes) to identify the factors significantly affecting the probability of car crashes in a multivariate binary logistic regression model. Results: Nineteen percent of the sample reported bad sleep, 64% complained of daytime sleepiness, and 40% reported sleepiness while driving. Eighty students (24%), 76% of which were males, reported that they had already crashed at least once, and 15% considered sleepiness to have been the main cause of their crash. As compared with adolescents who had not had a crash, those who had at least 1 previous crash reported that they more frequently used to drive (79% vs 62%), drove at night (25% vs 9%), drove while sleepy (56% vs 35%), had bad sleep (29% vs 16%), and used stimulants such as caffeinated soft drinks (32% vs 19%), tobacco (54% vs 27%), and drugs (21% vs 7%). The logistic procedure established a significant predictive role of male sex (p <0.0001; odds ratio = 3.3), tobacco use (p <0.0001; odds ratio = 3.2), sleepiness while driving (p = 0.010; odds ratio = 2.1), and bad sleep (p = 0.047; odds ratio = 1.9) for the crash risk. Conclusions: Our results confirm the high prevalence of sleep-related complaints among adolescents and highlight their independent role on self-reported crash risk.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)41-45
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Clinical Sleep Medicine
Volume6
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Feb 15 2010

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Motor Vehicles
Sleep
Odds Ratio
Habits
Logistic Models
Students
Carbonated Beverages
Tobacco Use
Licensure
Italy
Tobacco
Accidents
Life Style
Pharmaceutical Preparations

Keywords

  • Adolescence
  • Car accident risk
  • Sleep
  • Sleepiness

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Neurology

Cite this

Pizza, F., Contardi, S., Antognini, A. B., Zagoraiou, M., Borrotti, M., Mostacci, B., ... Cirignotta, F. (2010). Sleep quality and motor vehicle crashes in adolescents. Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine, 6(1), 41-45.

Sleep quality and motor vehicle crashes in adolescents. / Pizza, Fabio; Contardi, Sara; Antognini, Alessandro Baldi; Zagoraiou, Maroussa; Borrotti, Matteo; Mostacci, Barbara; Mondini, Susanna; Cirignotta, Fabio.

In: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine, Vol. 6, No. 1, 15.02.2010, p. 41-45.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Pizza, F, Contardi, S, Antognini, AB, Zagoraiou, M, Borrotti, M, Mostacci, B, Mondini, S & Cirignotta, F 2010, 'Sleep quality and motor vehicle crashes in adolescents', Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine, vol. 6, no. 1, pp. 41-45.
Pizza F, Contardi S, Antognini AB, Zagoraiou M, Borrotti M, Mostacci B et al. Sleep quality and motor vehicle crashes in adolescents. Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine. 2010 Feb 15;6(1):41-45.
Pizza, Fabio ; Contardi, Sara ; Antognini, Alessandro Baldi ; Zagoraiou, Maroussa ; Borrotti, Matteo ; Mostacci, Barbara ; Mondini, Susanna ; Cirignotta, Fabio. / Sleep quality and motor vehicle crashes in adolescents. In: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine. 2010 ; Vol. 6, No. 1. pp. 41-45.
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