Sleep staging from heart rate variability: Time-varying spectral features and hidden markov models

Martin Oswaldo Mendez, Matteo Matteucci, Vincenza Castronovo, Luigi Ferini-Strambi, Sergio Cerutti, Anna Maria Bianchi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

An alternative DSS which models the behaviour of the Heart Rate Variability (HRV) signal linked to stable (NREM) and instable (REM) cerebral waves during sleep and a probabilistic model of the sleep stages transitions for decision was developed. Time-Varying Autoregressive Models (TVAMs) were used as feature extractor while Hidden Markov Models (HMM) was used as time series classifier. 24 full polysomnography recordings from healthy sleepers were used for the analysis and those were separated in two sets of 12 each: training and test set. The classification performance for the test set was specificity = 0.851, accuracy = 0.793 and sensitivity = 0.702.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)246-263
Number of pages18
JournalInternational Journal of Biomedical Engineering and Technology
Volume3
Issue number3-4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2010

Keywords

  • Decision-support systems
  • DSS
  • Heart rate variability
  • Hidden Markov model
  • HMM
  • HRV
  • Sleep
  • Sleep staging
  • Time-varying analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biomedical Engineering

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