Sleep suppression of ventricular arrhythmias: A predictor of beta-blocker efficacy

M. V. Pitzalis, F. Mastropasqua, F. Massari, P. Totaro, D. Scrutinio, P. Rizzon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

It has been reported that the frequency of premature ventricular contractions in some patients tend to decrease during the hours of sleep when modifications in autonomic tone and bradycardia occur. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether the phenomenon of sleep suppression may be a sensitive and specific parameter for predicting the antiarrhythmic effect of beta-blockers on premature ventricular contractions. The presence of sleep suppression was evaluated in 45 patients (mean age 50 ± 17 years) with frequent premature ventricular contractions at two baseline Holter recordings. Sleep suppression was defined as > 50% reduction in the number of nighttime as opposed to daytime premature ventricular contractions. Three groups of patients were identified: those with sleep suppression at both Holter recordings (group 1); those with sleep suppression at only one Holter recording (group 2); and those without sleep suppression at either Holter recording (group 3). A third Holter was performed 5 days after nadolol administration. In group 1, nadolol led to a mean reduction in the number of premature ventricular contractions of 90% (> 70% in 21/23 patients). In group 2, the mean reduction was 76% (> 70% in three out of six patients). In group 3, there was a mean increase in the number of premature ventricular contractions of 33%. The positive predictive accuracy of sleep suppression in relation to the antiarrhythmic efficacy of nadolol is very high (88%) when sleep suppression is present during two baseline Holter recordings. Sleep suppression is a sensitive parameter for identifying the premature ventricular contractions likely to benefit from beta-blocker administration.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)917-925
Number of pages9
JournalEuropean Heart Journal
Volume17
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 1996

Keywords

  • Autonomic nervous system
  • Beta-blockers
  • Circadian variability
  • Heart rate
  • Nadolol
  • Premature ventricular contractions
  • Sleep
  • Sleep suppression

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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