Objective During the three-yearly survey on breastfeeding prevalence in Emilia-Romagna region, data were collected to investigate the sleeping position of infants living in the region. Methods This is a prevalence study. A questionnaire on feeding practices and sleeping position was administered to the mothers of the infants visiting the vaccination centres of Emilia-Romagna region for the first and second round of immunisation sessions (at three and five months of age). Results In total 6290 and 6037 questionnaires were collected respectively in the year 2002 and 2005. In the year 2002 half of the babies were placed in supine position during hospital stay after delivery (52.5%) and at home (52.6%), with significant differences between administrative areas (AUSL). A substantial improvement occurred in the year 2005 in all the different administrative areas (regional rate of supine position-average-: 72.7% in hospital, 64% at home); differences between administrative areas persist. As results from the multivariate analysis, relevant protective factors for being placed in supine position at home are: being placed in supine position in hospital, having received specific information on sleeping position, having participated to antenatal classes, living in specific administrative areas. In 2005 being born from a non Italian mother results to be a protective factor. In both the surveys non Italian mothers receive less information and participate to antenatal classes less frequently than Italian mothers. Conclusions Even though no structured interventions for SIDS prevention have been implemented in Emilia-Romagna region before the survey conducted in the 2005, the simple collection of the data regarding the sleeping position conducted in 2002 can have increased the awareness of health professionals on the importance of the supine position as a mean to prevent SIDS. The practice on sleeping position adopted in hospitals results to be the main determinant of the practices adopted subsequently at home. Some critical aspects persist: the variation between administrative areas; the barriers to reaching immigrants people.
|Translated title of the contribution||Sleeping position: A comparison between 2002/2005 in Emilia-Romagna region|
|Title of host publication||Quaderni ACP|
|Number of pages||7|
|Publication status||Published - 2008|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health